Also known as Node Package Manager
Used to install dependencies, share and consume useful and reusable code
There have been a number of attempts to de-throne NPM but NPM is king Twitter created Bower in 2014 and Facebook created Yarn in 2016, both have lost momentum
npm is written using node.js
Before you can use npm you must install node.js first.
Install node.js and npm
visit nodejs.org and download for Windows.
When you download node.js you automatically get npm installed as well.
This installs into the following folder:
You will need to restart your computer.
Check that node and npm are installed.
Open a command prompt and type following.
If you do not see version numbers then these are not installed.
node - v14.15.5
npm - 6.14.11
To install newer versions of Node and NPM download the installer from nodejs.org and run it again.
link - tutorialspoint.com/reactjs/reactjs_environment_setup.htm
To check which packages are installed on the device, globally
You can use "-g" or "--g".
npm list -g
npm list --g
npm list -g --depth = 0
npm install -g _ is the global install flag
npm install -save _ means the package will appear in your dependencies
npm install -save-dev _ means the package will appear in your devDependencies
npm install -save-optional _ means the package will appear in your optionalDependencies
dependencies - these are modules required at runtime (--save)
devDependencies - these are modules only required during development (--save-dev)
If you project contains a "package.json" file this command will install all the dependencies.
If you want to install a specific version, append the version number to the end.
npm install firstname.lastname@example.org
If you want to install the latest version, append the word latest to the end.
npm install react@latest
This lets you uninstall a specific package.
npm uninstall office-ui-fabric-react --save
--save: Package will be removed from your dependencies.
--save-dev: Package will be removed from your devDependencies.
If you want to uninstall a globally installed package.
npm uninstall -g office-ui-fabric-react
This lets you update all the packages to their latest version.
A new minor version (or patch version) can be specified with a caret.
^3.9.2 will update to 3.*.*
A new patch version can be specified with a tilde.
~3.9.2 will update to 3.9.*
This lets you discover new releases of the dependency packages.
This will list all the packages that are installed globally
npm list -g --depth=0
npm install --save-dev babel-preset-react ???
npm install --save-dev source-map-loader ???
npm cache clean --force
npm ERR! code ERR_SOCKET_TIMEOUT
npm ERR! network Socket timeout
npm ERR! network This is a problem related to network connectivity.
This means the command cannot succeed because npm fails to fetch some module due to internet connection problems.
You can try increasing the number of npm fetch timeouts that are allowed.
npm config set fetch-retry-maxtimeout 120000
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