ES 2015

Also known as ECMAScript 2015 or ES6

Alternative - Modules / import

A javascript module is a piece of resuable code that can be reused in other files.
Provides an alternative to CommonJS

// before 
var React = require('react')

// after
import * as React from 'react'

New - export

The keyword 'export' can be used to export objects and types.

export default OnlyOneType 

export default can be used in place of export when you wish to export only one type.

New - let and const

var myVar1; 
let myVar2;
const myVar3;

var declarations are function scoped when declared inside a function and globally scoped when declared outside
let declarations are block scoped.
const declarations are block scoped.

Alternative - Method Definitions

Provides an alternative to using the 'function' keyword

// before 
var myObject = {
   myMethod: function() {}

// after
var myObject = {
   myMethod() {}

New - Arrow Functions

Functions > Arrow Functions
Arrow functions allow you to create a function without using the "function" keyword.
Arrow functions (in some situations) allow you to return a value without using the "return" keyword. They have an "implicit return".

// before 
const myFunction = function() {

// after
const myFunction = () => {


static methods
private methods
get and set


this keyword

Functions > this Keyword
when used inside an object method
(declared using without arrow functions)
this refers to the object
When used in combination with arrow functions 'this' will be undefined
For this reason do not use arrow functions inside objects


Async Patterns > Promises
They provide one way to deal with asynchronous code

Object Destructuring

var myObject = { 
   prop1: "Monday",
   prop2: "Tuesday",
   prop3: "Wednesday"
var { prop1, prop3 } = myObject
console.log(prop1, prop2)

Object Literal Enhancement

This is the opposite to destructuring, often called "Restructuring".
We can create objects from global variables.

var Variable1 = "Better"; 
var Variable2 = "Solutions";
var myObject = { Variable1, Variable2 };
console.log(myObject); // { Variable1: "Better", Variable2: "Solutions" }

We can create object methods from function expressions.

var Variable3 = function() { 
   console.log("Function: " + this.Variable1;
var myObject = { Variable1, Variable2, Variable3 };
myObject.Variable3(); // "Function: Better"

Spread Operator

The spread operator is three dots (...) that can perform several different tasks.
It can be used with arrays.
We can use it to combine multiple arrays into one single larger array.

const a = [1,2,3] 
const b = [...a, 4,5,6]

When we use the spread operator we do not have to mutate the original array.
It can be used with objects.



Array.find -
Array.findIndex -

Array Destructuring

var myArray = ["Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday"]; 
var { firstItem } = myArray
console.log(firstItem); // Monday

We can pass over unwanted values by using commas.

var { ,,thirdItem } = myArray 
console.log(thirdItem); // Wednesday

Array Rest Elements

This is an improved way to handle function parameters.
The rest parameter represents an indefinite number of arguments as an array.

Strings - Template Literals

Strings & Characters > Template Literals
The syntax uses backticks instead of single or double quotes.

const mystring = `text` 

Template Tags

In styled components, template tags are used to define CSS strings

const Button = styled.button 
   font-size : 1.5em
   color : white


Functions - Default Arguments

Functions > Optional Arguments
Default arguments can be any type.

function methodOne( a = 10, b = 20) { 
console.log(a + b);

Functions - Destructuring Arguments

Instead of using dot notation to dig into objects, we can destructure the values we need.

var myObject = { 
   prop1: "Monday",
   prop2: "Tuesday"
var myFunction = function( object1 ) {
   console.log("Property Value: " + object1.prop1);
myFunction(myObject); // "Property Value: Monday"

The function could be changed to implement destructuring

var myFunction = function( {prop1} ) { 
   console.log("Property Value: " + prop1);


Number.IsInteger -
Number.IsSafeInteger -

New Global Methods


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