Oil

Can be refined into a huge range of other products
ethane, propane, butane, naphtha, gasoline, jet kerosene, diesel, heating oil, asphalt, bitumen


Brent
WTI
Japan Crude
Mexico Crude
Dubai
US grades
Canada crude




Natural Gas

This is a mixture of methane and ethane carbon dioxide and nitrogen
Used for residential heating, electricity generation, general fuel source
accounts for 25% of total energy consumption in the US
primarily traded on NYMEX


Natural gas liquids
USGas - Canada
USGas - GulfCoast
USGas - HenryHub
USGas - MidContinent
USGas - NorthEast
USGas - West



Electricity

fossil fuel or nuclear power stations generate electricity
Electrical power is measured in Watts (one joule per second)
not very easy to store
would have trouble responding to a sudden increase in demand.



Coal

Extracted by surface or underground mining
The rock is often composed on over 50% carbon
is the dominant fuel source for generating electricity
used in steel and paper manufacturing, cement producers
There are four main types (lignite (brown coal), sub-bituminous, bituminous, anthracite)
Coal futures are one of the most commoly used derivatives for the electric power industry
There are several important benchmarks used to determine the quality of the coal






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