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1) How many letter are there in the Alphabet ?
26


2) What are the Vowels ?
There are 5 vowels in the alphabet: A, E, I, O, U
All the other letters are called Consonants (there are 21)


3) What is Past Tense ?
If something is written in the past tense, it means it has already happened.


4) What is Present Tense ?
This is the verb tense used to describe a current event or state of being


5) What is Future Tense ?
This is the verb tense used to describe a future event or state of being


6) What is a Compound Word ?
Is a word made up of two words
Eg: toothbrush
Eg: football


7) What is a Unstressed Vowel ?
This is a vowel within a word that is hard to hear.


8) What is a Noun ?
Usually refers to Common Noun.
A noun is the name of something.


9) How many different types of Nouns are there ?
Pronoun - these are words that can replace nouns, more general (he, they)
Common Noun - generic name for a person, place or thing
Proper Noun (or Concrete Noun) - specific person, place or thing (mum, dad, brother)
Abstract Noun - ideas, feelings or concepts
Collective Noun - names for groups of people or things
(need examples)


10) What is the difference between a Proper Noun and a Pronoun ?
Proper Noun - very specific
Pronoun - general, less specific


11) How many different types of Pronouns are there ?
Personal - (them, we, they, you, it, he, she) - used when writing about ourselves or others
Possessive - (our, mine, his, hers, theres) - tells us who owns something
Relative - (that, which, who)
Reflexive - (myself, yourself, himself, ourselves)
Interrogative - (which, whose, whom, what, who)
Indefinite - (somebody, nobody, something, nothing, each)


12) What is a Verb ?
Usually refers to Main Verb.
A doing or being word.
Eg: I "read" comics
Eg: He "reads" comics
(a verb often changes depending on who is doing the action)


13) How many different types of Verbs are there ?
Modal Verb - shows certainty or possibility.
modal verbs are additional verbs which cannot be on there own (only with a main verb).
Eg: might, ought, shall, will, may, should, could, would, can, must
Active Verb - the main person or thing does the action
Passive Verb - the main person or thing has the action done to it
Powerful Verb - adds more interest to your writing


14) What is an Adverb ?
This is an Adjective + Verb
Is a word or phrase that describes a verb.
Eg: tonight, here, soon, surely, quickly
(time and place do not always have a "ly" ending)


15) What is a Proverb ?
A proverb is a short saying that gives advice or tells you something


16) What is an Adjective ?
A word that describes somebody or something.
A describing word / describes a noun


17) How many different types of Adjective are there ?
Comparative - compare 2 nouns
Superlative - compare more than 2 nouns


18) What is an Adverbial ?



19) What are Determiners ?
Words that are used before a noun.


20) How many different types of Determiners are there ?
Articles -
Possessives -
Demonstratives -
Quantifiers -


21) What is a Clause ?
A part of a sentence with a verb


22) How many different types of Clauses are there ?
Main Clause - A clause in a sentence which makes sense on its own
Subordinate Clause - (more than one word) part of a sentence you can take out and the sentence still makes sense. It does not make sense on its own.
eg - My Granny (who is 99), lives in London
Relative Clause - can be used to give additional information about a noun.


23) What is a Conjuction ?
A word used to link sentences, phrases and words.
A word that connects two main clauses together (and, if, so)
Eg: It was dark "when"
Eg: I wish I was still in bed "but"
Eg: I am early "because"
Eg: Dave shouted loudly "while"
Eg: "While" you're waiting, you can read a book


24) What is a Co-ordinating Conjunction ?
Eg: I tripped "and" twisted my ankle
Eg: I am allergic to coconuts "but" not to peanuts


25) What is a Subordinating Conjunction ?
??
Eg: I could not speak Italian "until" I began to have lessons.
Eg: I was running "because" I was late.


26) What is a Phrase ?
A group of words that acts as a unit.


27) What is a Noun Phrase ?



28) What is an Adjectival Phrase ?
It gives more detail about a noun.


29) What is an Idiom ?
This is a phrase that must be taken as a whole


30) What is a Metaphor ?
An expression which something is described / associated with something else


31) What is an Adposition ?
These are preposition and postposition


32) What is a Preposition ?
A word that describes the relationship between words.
A word or group of words used before a noun or noun phrase to show direction, time, place, location or to introduce an object.
Eg: under, behind, forward, during, down, after
Eg: The squirrel jumped "towards" the branch
Eg: Dan sprinted to the finish line "in" record time
Eg: The book "on" the table


33) What is a Postposition ?



34) What is an Abbreviation ?
Is a word or words that are shortened.


35) What is a Contraction ?
She + Has = she's
They + Are = They're


36) What is a Prefix ?
A prefix is a group of letters added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning.
Eg: un, dis


37) What is a Suffix ?
A suffix is a group of letters added to the end of a word to change its meaning.
Eg: ly, ful


38) What is an Apostrophe ?
This is a punctuation mark (') used to indicate either possession or the omission of letters or numbers
Eg: Harry's book, boys' coats
Eg: can't, he's, 1 Jan ' 99


39) What is a Comma ?
These are needed when there is a slight pause in the sentence or to separate items in a list.


40) What is a Semi-Colon ?
This is often used to separate 2 main clauses that are closely related to each other


41) What is a Hyphen ?
A hyphen is used to make the meaning of a sentence clear (less ambiguous)


42) What is Direct Speech ?
This is a sentence in which the exact words spoken are reproduced in speech marks


43) What is Reported Speech ?
This states what has been said without using the exact words or speech marks.


44) What is a Homophone ?
A word that has the same sound as another word but a different meaning (or spelling)
Eg: "there" and "their"
Eg: are


45) What is a Homonym ?
A word that has the same spelling as another word, but a different meaning
Eg: "right" - correct or direction opposite of left
Eg: "book" - which can mean "something to read" or "the act of making a reservation.
Eg: "lie" - to recline or to tell a lie


46) What is an Antonym ?
An antonym is a word that has the opposite meaning to another word.


47) What is a Synonym ?
Is a word with the same or similar meaning to another word.


48) What is a Simile ?
A similie is a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind.


49) What is a Definition ?
This is the meaning of a word.


50) What is the difference between Active or Passive ?



51) Word Definitions:
Diminutive - This is a word implying smallness
Further - a greater distance (opposite is closer)
Farther - ?


52) I before E except after C
There are some exceptions: Weird



Astonishedgreat surprise
Baffledconfused
Contradictis to say the opposite
Contradictionis saying something that is both true and false
DismayFeeling surprised
Ingeniousclever at inventing new things or methods
Petrified 
Possession 

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