You can declare variable by using the keyword Dim.

Dim boolean__ As Boolean 
Dim byte_____ As Byte
Dim currency_ As Currency
Dim date_____ As Date
Dim double___ As Double
Dim integer__ As Integer
Dim long_____ As Long
Dim short____ As Single
Dim string___ As String
Dim variant__ As Variant

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Variable Names

The first character must always be alphabetic.
You cannot use spaces or periods.
Variable names can use alphabetical characters, number and some punctuation characters but not ( * . , # $ % & !).
The use of the underscore character is also encouraged.
The name must start with a letter and can have a maximum of 254 characters.
A variable must begin with a letter or an underscore
Variable names can be constructed from letters and numbers and the underscore character.

Not Case Sensitive

Variable names are not case sensitive and by default the interpreter adjusts the names of all variables with the same letters so that their case matches the case in the variable declaration (i.e. when using Dim).
If the variable was not declared using Dim then the case matches that of the most recently typed variable.

Multiple Variables

This statement is valid although the variable sFirstName is defined as a Variant variable and not as a string variable.

Dim sFirstName, sLastName As String 

VBA does not let you declare a group of variables to all be of the same data type.
You must specify the type of each variable explicitly.
You should always try and declare each variable on a separate line

Dim sFirstName As String 
Dim sLastName As String

You could put this on one line

Dim sFirstName As String, sLastName As String 


Once a variable has been declared it can be seen in the intellisense drop-down list.
Press (Ctrl + J) and start typing
Alternatively you can start typing and press (Ctrl + Space) to auto complete.

Dim myVariable As String 
microsoft excel docs

Duplicate Variables

Variable names can only be declared once.
If you accidentally declare the same variable twice an error will be displayed when you compile your code.

Dim myVariable As String 
Dim myVariable As String
microsoft excel docs

Reserved Words

Variable names cannot be the same as VBA keywords.
VBA has a large number of "reserved words" that cannot be used for variable names.
Some examples of these are words such as "Sub", "Function", "Array", "Integer", etc.
If you try to use a reserved word for a variable a compile error will be generated.

microsoft excel docs


It is always a good idea to type VBA keywords in lower case and then wait for them to automatically change.
It is generally good programming practice to put all your declarations at the very top of a subroutine as it improves readability and makes housekeeping a lot easier.
You can actually put your variable declarations anywhere in the code although it is good practice to put them at the start of a subroutine.
Static variables cannot be initialised since that defeats their purpose

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