# Complete List

ABS | The absolute value or a number without its sign. |

ACCRINT | The accrued interest for a security that pays interest periodically. |

ACCRINTM | The accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity. |

ACOS | The arc-cosine of a number. |

ACOSH | The hyperbolic arc-cosine of a number. |

ACOT | (2013) The arc-cotangent of a number. |

ACOTH | (2013) The hyperbolic arc-cotangent of a number. |

ADDRESS | The cell reference given a row and column number. |

AGGREGATE | The aggregate of values in a list, table or cell range. |

AMORDEGRC | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line, implicit coefficient). |

AMORLINC | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line). |

AND | The logical AND for any number of arguments. |

ARABIC | (2013) The number converted from roman to arabic. |

AREAS | The number of areas in a cell range or reference. |

ARRAYTOTEXT | (Microsoft 365) The contents of an array or cell ranges converted into text. |

ASC | The text string converted from double byte to single byte characters. |

ASIN | The arc-sine of a number. |

ASINH | The hyperbolic arc-sine of a number. |

ATAN | The arc-tangent of a number. |

ATAN2 | The arc-tangent of the specified x and y co-ordinates. |

ATANH | The hyperbolic arc-tangent of a number. |

AVEDEV | The average deviation of the numbers in a list, table or cell range. |

AVERAGE | The arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range. |

AVERAGEA | The arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

AVERAGEIF | (AVERAGEIFS) The arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies one condition. |

AVERAGEIFS | The arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

BAHTTEXT | The number converted to a Thai text string and appends 'Baht'. |

BASE | (2013) The number converted into a text representation with the given base. |

BESSELI | The Bessel function evaluated for purely imaginary arguments. |

BESSELJ | The modified Bessel function represented by J(x). |

BESSELK | The modified Bessel function represented by K(x). |

BESSELY | The modified Bessel function represented by Y(x). |

BETA.DIST | The probability of getting a specific value between 0 and 1 for different distribution shapes. |

BETA.INV | The inverse of the cumulative probability function for a beta distribution. |

BETADIST | (BETA.DIST) The cumulative probability function for a beta distribution (only cumulative). |

BETAINV | (BETA.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a beta distribution. |

BIN2DEC | The number converted from binary to decimal. |

BIN2HEX | The number converted from binary to hexadecimal. |

BIN2OCT | The number converted from binary to octal. |

BINOM.DIST | The probability of getting a specific number of successes using a binomial distribution. |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | (2013) The probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution. |

BINOM.INV | The number of trials needed for a specific amount of success using a binomial distribution. |

BINOMDIST | (BINOM.DIST) The probability of getting a specific number of successes using a binomial distribution. |

BITAND | (2013) The bitwise AND of two numbers. |

BITLSHIFT | (2013) The number shifted left by a number of bits. |

BITOR | (2013) The bitwise OR of two numbers. |

BITRSHIFT | (2013) The number shifted right by a number of bits. |

BITXOR | (2013) The bitwise Exclusive OR of two numbers. |

BYCOL | (Microsoft 365) The results from applying a LAMBDA function to each column in an array. |

BYROW | (Microsoft 365) The results from applying a LAMBDA function to each row in an array. |

CEILING | (CEILING.MATH) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

CEILING.MATH | (2013) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure (including negative). |

CEILING.PRECISE | (CEILING.MATH) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

CELL | The text string indicating information about a cell. |

CHAR | The character with the corresponding ANSI/ASCII number. |

CHIDIST | (CHISQ.DIST.RT) The probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

CHIINV | (CHISQ.INV.RT) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed). |

CHISQ.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a chi-squared distribution (left tailed). |

CHISQ.DIST.RT | The probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

CHISQ.INV | The inverse of the probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (left tailed). |

CHISQ.INV.RT | The inverse of the probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

CHISQ.TEST | The probability value from a chi-squared distribution. |

CHITEST | (CHISQ.TEST) The probability value from a chi-squared distribution. |

CHOOSE | The value in a row (or column) based on an index number. |

CHOOSECOLS | (Microsoft 365) The array with just a specific number of columns. |

CHOOSEROWS | (Microsoft 365) The array with just a specifiic number of rows. |

CLEAN | The text string with all the non-printable characters removed. |

CODE | The ANSI/ASCII number for the first character in a text string. |

COLUMN | The column number of a cell reference. |

COLUMNS | The number of columns in a cell range or reference. |

COMBIN | The number of combinations for a given number of items (without repetition). |

COMBINA | (2013) The number of combinations for a given number of items (with repetition). |

COMPLEX | The complex number given real and imaginary coefficients. |

CONCAT | (2019) The text string that is a concatenation of cell ranges and strings. |

CONCATENATE | (CONCAT) The text string that is a concatenation of several strings. |

CONFIDENCE | (CONFIDENCE.NORM) The confidence interval for a population mean. |

CONFIDENCE.NORM | The confidence interval for a population mean. |

CONFIDENCE.T | The confidence interval for a population mean using a t distribution. |

CONVERT | The number in one measurement system converted to another. |

CORREL | The correlation coefficient between two data sets. |

COS | The cosine of a number. |

COSH | The hyperbolic cosine of a number. |

COT | (2013) The cotangent of a number. |

COTH | (2013) The hyperbolic cotangent of a number. |

COUNT | The number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range. |

COUNTA | The number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

COUNTBLANK | The number of empty cells. |

COUNTIF | (COUNTIFS) The number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies one condition. |

COUNTIFS | The number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

COUPDAYBS | The number of days between the previous coupon date and the settlement date. |

COUPDAYS | The number of days between the coupon dates on either side of the settlement date. |

COUPDAYSNC | The number of days between the settlement date and the next coupon date. |

COUPNCD | The next coupon date after the settlement date. |

COUPNUM | The number of coupons between the settlement date and the maturity date. |

COUPPCD | The previous coupon date before the settlement date. |

COVAR | (COVARIANCE.P) The covariance based on an entire population. |

COVARIANCE.P | The covariance based on an entire population. |

COVARIANCE.S | The covariance based on a sample. |

CRITBINOM | (BINOM.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a binomial distribution (renamed). |

CSC | (2013) The cosecant of a number. |

CSCH | (2013) The hyperbolic cosecant of a number. |

CUBEKPIMEMBER | The name of a key performance indicator. |

CUBEMEMBER | The member or tuple from a cube. |

CUBESET | The calculated members returned from a cube. |

CUBESETCOUNT | The number of items in a set. |

CUBEVALUE | The aggregated value from a cube. |

CUMIPMT | The cumulative interest payment on a loan between two dates. |

CUMPRINC | The cumulative principal paid on a loan between two dates. |

DATE | The date as a date serial number given a year, month, day. |

DATEDIF | (Compatibility) The number of days, months or years between two dates. |

DATEVALUE | The date serial number given a date in text format. |

DAVERAGE | The arithmetic mean of all the numbers in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DAY | The day as an integer given a date serial number. |

DAYS | (2013) The number of days between two dates. |

DAYS360 | The number of days between two dates, based on 30 day months. |

DB | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (declining balance method). |

DBCS | (2013) The text string converted from single byte to double byte characters. |

DCOUNT | The number of numerical values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DCOUNTA | The number of numerical values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions (including logical values and text). |

DDB | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (double or triple declining balance method). |

DEC2BIN | The number converted from decimal to binary. |

DEC2HEX | The number converted from decimal to hexadecimal. |

DEC2OCT | The number converted from decimal to octal. |

DECIMAL | (2013) The decimal number of a text representation of a number in a given base. |

DEGREES | The number of degrees given a number of radians. |

DELTA | The numerical value indicating if two numbers are equal. |

DEVSQ | The sum of the squared deviations from the mean. |

DGET | The single value in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DISC | The interest rate (or discount rate) for a security held to maturity. |

DMAX | The largest value in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DMIN | The smallest value in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DOLLAR | The text string of a number with the dollar formatting $0,000.00. |

DOLLARDE | The dollar fraction expressed as a decimal. |

DOLLARFR | The dollar decimal expressed as a fraction. |

DPRODUCT | The product of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DROP | (Microsoft 365) The array without certain rows or columns. |

DSTDEV | The standard deviation of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on a sample. |

DSTDEVP | The standard deviation of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on an entire population. |

DSUM | The total of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DURATION | The annual duration of a security that pays interest periodically. |

DVAR | The variance of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on a sample. |

DVARP | The variance of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on an entire population. |

ECMA.CEILING | (Compatibility) The number rounded up to the nearest multiple of significance. |

EDATE | The date serial number that is a certain number of months before or after a date. |

EFFECT | The effective interest rate given a nominal interest rate and compounding frequency. |

ENCODEURL | (2013) The url encoded string. |

EOMONTH | The date serial number of the last day of a month before or after a date. |

ERF | The value of the error function integrated between two limits. |

ERF.PRECISE | The value of the error function integrated between 0 and a limit. |

ERFC | (ERFC.PRECISE) The complementary error function integrated between a limit and infinity. |

ERFC.PRECISE | The complementary error function integrated between a limit and infinity. |

ERROR.TYPE | The number corresponding to a particular error value in a cell. |

EUROCONVERT | The number converted to euros. |

EVEN | The number rounded up to the nearest even integer. |

EXACT | The value True or False based on whether two strings match exactly. |

EXP | The exponential number raised to a particular power. |

EXPAND | (Microsoft 365) The array expanded or padded to specific dimensions. |

EXPON.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for an exponential distribution. |

EXPONDIST | (EXPON.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for an exponential distribution. |

F.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for an f distribution (left tailed). |

F.DIST.RT | The probability distribution function for an f distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

F.INV | The inverse of the probability distribution function for an f distribution (left tailed). |

F.INV.RT | The inverse of the probability distribution function for an f distribution (right tailed). |

F.TEST | The probability value from an f distribution. |

FACT | The factorial of a positive whole number. |

FACTDOUBLE | The double factorial of a positive whole number. |

FALSE | The logical value False. |

FDIST | (F.DIST) The probability distribution function for an f distribution (left tailed) (no cumulative). |

FIELDVALUE | (Microsoft 365) The value in a particular field from a linked data type. |

FILTER | (2021) The array after filtering data that satisfies multiple conditions. |

FILTERXML | (2013) The specific data from the xml content by using xpath. |

FIND | The starting position of a substring within a larger text string. |

FINV | (F.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for an f distribution (left tailed). |

FISHER | The fisher transformation. |

FISHERINV | The inverse of the fisher transformation. |

FIXED | The text string of a number rounded to a fixed number of decimal places. |

FLOOR | (FLOOR.MATH) The number rounded down to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

FLOOR.MATH | (2013) The number rounded down to the nearest integer or significant figure (including negative). |

FLOOR.PRECISE | (FLOOR.MATH) The number rounded down to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

FORECAST | (FORECAST.LINEAR) The future y-value along a linear trend using existing values. |

FORECAST.ETS | (2016) The future value based on historical values. |

FORECAST.LINEAR | (2016) The future y-value along a linear trend using existing values. |

FORMULATEXT | (2013) The formula from a particular cell. |

FREQUENCY | The number of times a particular value occurs. |

FTEST | (F.TEST) The probability value from an f distribution. |

FV | The future value of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

FVSCHEDULE | The future value of an initial principal after applying compound interest rates. |

GAMMA | (2013) The gamma function value. |

GAMMA.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMA.INV | The inverse of the cumulative probability function for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMADIST | (GAMMA.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMAINV | (GAMMA.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMALN | (GAMMALN.PRECISE) The natural logarithm of the gamma function. |

GAMMALN.PRECISE | The natural logarithm of the gamma function. |

GAUSS | (2013) The 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution. |

GCD | The greatest common divisor of two or more numbers. |

GEOMEAN | The geometric mean of an array of numbers. |

GESTEP | The value True or False depending if the number is greater than a threshold value. |

GETPIVOTDATA | The data obtained from a pivot table. |

GROUPBY | (Microsoft 365) The grouping of your data along one axis and aggregates the associated values. |

GROWTH | The predicted exponential growth using existing data. |

HARMEAN | The harmonic mean of a data set. |

HEX2BIN | The number converted from hexadecimal to binary. |

HEX2DEC | The number converted from hexadecimal to decimal. |

HEX2OCT | The number converted from hexadecimal to octal. |

HLOOKUP | The value in the same column after finding a matching value in the first row. |

HOUR | The hour as an integer given a date serial number. |

HSTACK | (Microsoft 365) The array after putting multiple arrays next to each other. |

HYPERLINK | The hyperlink linked to a cell, document or webpage. |

HYPGEOM.DIST | The probability distribution functon OR the cumulative probability function for a hypergeometric distribution. |

HYPGEOMDIST | (HYPGEOM.DIST) The cumulative probability function for a hypergeometric distribution (only cumulative). |

IF | The value based on whether a condition is True or False. |

IFERROR | The value or something else if it evaluates to an error. |

IFNA | (2013) The value or something else if it evaluates to #N/A. |

IFS | (2019) The value based on multiple True or False conditions. |

IMABS | The absolute value of a complex number. |

IMAGE | (Microsoft 365) The image from a web URL. |

IMAGINARY | The imaginary coefficient of a complex number. |

IMARGUMENT | The theta argument in radians. |

IMCONJUGATE | The complex conjugate of a complex number. |

IMCOS | The cosine of a complex number. |

IMCOSH | (2013) The hyperbolic cosine of a complex number. |

IMCOT | (2013) The cotangent of a complex number. |

IMCSC | (2013) The cosecant of a complex number. |

IMCSCH | (2013) The hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number. |

IMDIV | The quotient of two complex numbers. |

IMEXP | The exponential of a complex number. |

IMLN | The natural logarithm of a complex number. |

IMLOG10 | The base-10 logarithm of a complex number. |

IMLOG2 | The base-2 logarithm of a complex number. |

IMPOWER | The complex number raised to an integer number. |

IMPRODUCT | The product of two or more complex numbers. |

IMREAL | The real coefficient of a complex number. |

IMSEC | (2013) The secant of a complex number. |

IMSECH | (2013) The hyperbolic secant of a complex number. |

IMSIN | The sine of a complex number. |

IMSINH | (2013) The hyperbolic sine of a complex number. |

IMSQRT | The square root of a complex number. |

IMSUB | The difference of two complex numbers. |

IMSUM | The sum of two or more complex numbers. |

IMTAN | (2013) The tangent of a complex number. |

INDEX | The value from a cell range which is the intersection of a row AND a column. |

INDIRECT | The value of a given cell reference specified by a text string. |

INFO | The text string returning useful information about the environment. |

INT | The number rounded down to the nearest integer. |

INTERCEPT | The intersection with the y-axis using a linear regression plotted through known values. |

INTRATE | The interest rate for a security held to maturity. |

IPMT | The interest amount paid on a given period on a loan with fixed interest. |

IRR | The interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals (implicit reinvestment rate). |

ISBLANK | The boolean True or False depending if the value is blank. |

ISERR | The boolean True or False depending if the value is an error (not #N/A). |

ISERROR | The boolean True or False depending if the value is an error. |

ISEVEN | The boolean True or False depending if the value is an even number. |

ISFORMULA | (2013) The boolean True or False depending if the cell contains a formula. |

ISLOGICAL | The boolean True or False depending if the value is True or False. |

ISNA | The boolean True or False depending if the value is #N/A. |

ISNONTEXT | The boolean True or False depending if the value is non text. |

ISNUMBER | The boolean True or False depending if the value is a number. |

ISO.CEILING | (CELING.MATH) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure (renamed). |

ISODD | The boolean True or False depending if the value is an odd number. |

ISOMITTED | (Microsoft 365) The boolean True or False depending whether the value in a LAMBDA is missing. |

ISOWEEKNUM | (2013) The number of the ISO week of the year for a given date. |

ISPMT | (IPMT) The interest paid for a given period in a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals (incorrectly). |

ISREF | The boolean True or False depending if the value is a cell reference. |

ISTEXT | The boolean True or False depending if the value is text. |

JIS | (DBCS) The text string converted from single byte to double byte characters (renamed). |

KURT | The kurtosis for a list or array of numbers. |

LAMBDA | (Microsoft 365) The results of a formula added as a named range. |

LARGE | The kth largest value in a list, table or cell range. |

LCM | The least common multiple of two or more numbers. |

LEFT | The first or left most characters in a text string. |

LEN | The number of characters in a text string. |

LET | (2021) The result of a formula that can use variables. |

LINEST | The array of values for a straight line that best fits your data. |

LN | The natural logarithm of a number. |

LOG | The logarithm of a number to any base. |

LOG10 | The logarithm of a number to the base 10. |

LOGEST | The array of values for an exponential curve that best fits your data. |

LOGINV | (LOGNORM.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a lognormal distribution. |

LOGNORM.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a lognormal distribution. |

LOGNORM.INV | The inverse of the probability distribution function for a lognormal distribution. |

LOGNORMDIST | (LOGNORM.DIST) The cumulative probability function for a lognormal distribution (only cumulative). |

LOOKUP | The value in a row (or column) that matches a value in a column (or row). |

LOWER | The text string with all the characters converted to lowercase. |

MAKEARRAY | (Microsoft 365) The array calculated by applying a LAMBDA function. |

MAP | (Microsoft 365) The array formed by applying a map using a LAMBDA function. |

MATCH | The position of a value in a list, table or cell range. |

MAX | The largest value in a list, table or cell range. |

MAXA | The largest value in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

MAXIFS | (2019) The largest value in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

MDETERM | The matrix determinant of an array. |

MDURATION | The modified duration for a security that pays interest periodically. |

MEDIAN | The number in the middle of a set of numbers. |

MID | The characters from the middle of a text string. |

MIN | The smallest value in a list, table or cell range. |

MINA | The smallest value in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

MINIFS | (2019) The smallest value in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

MINUTE | The minute as an integer given a date serial number. |

MINVERSE | The inverse matrix of an array. |

MIRR | The interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals (explicit reinvestment rate). |

MMULT | The matrix product of two arrays. |

MOD | The remainder after division. |

MODE | (MODE.SNGL) The first number that appears the most often in a set. |

MODE.MULT | The array of all the numbers that appears the most often in a set. |

MODE.SNGL | The first number that appears the most often in a set. |

MONTH | The month as an integer given a date serial number. |

MROUND | The number rounded to the desired multiple. |

MULTINOMIAL | The number of permutations for a given number of items (with duplicates). |

MUNIT | (2013) The unit matrix or the specified dimension. |

N | The value converted to a number. |

NA | The error value #N/A. |

NEGBINOM.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a negative binomial distribution. |

NEGBINOMDIST | (NEGBINOM.DIST) The probability distribution function for a negative binomial distribution (no cumulative). |

NETWORKDAYS | (NETWORKDAYS.INTL) The total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | The total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NOMINAL | The nominal interest rate over a period given an annual interest rate. |

NORM.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a normal distribution. |

NORM.INV | The inverse of the probability distribution function for a normal distribution. |

NORM.S.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a standard normal distribution. |

NORM.S.INV | The inverse of the probability distribution function for a standard normal distribution. |

NORMDIST | (NORM.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a normal distribution. |

NORMINV | (NORM.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a normal distribution. |

NORMSDIST | (NORM.S.DIST) The probability distribution function for a standard normal distribution (no cumulative). |

NORMSINV | (NORM.S.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a standard normal distribution. |

NOT | The opposite of a True or False value. |

NOW | The date serial number of the current system date and time. |

NPER | The number of periods for an investment. |

NPV | The net present value of a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals. |

NUMBERVALUE | (2013) The number that a text string represents (current locale). |

OCT2BIN | The number converted from octal to binary. |

OCT2DEC | The number converted from octal to decimal. |

OCT2HEX | The number converted from octal to hexadecimal. |

ODD | The number rounded up to the nearest odd integer. |

ODDFPRICE | The price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDFYIELD | The yield of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDLPRICE | The price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period. |

ODDLYIELD | The yield of a security with an odd last period. |

OFFSET | The value in a cell which is an offset from another cell. |

OR | The logical OR for any number of arguments. |

PDURATION | (2013) The number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value. |

PEARSON | The pearson product moment correlation coefficient. |

PERCENTILE | (PERCENTILE.INC) The value from a data set that corresponds to a particular percentage (inclusive). |

PERCENTILE.EXC | The value from a data set that corresponds to a particular percentage (exclusive). |

PERCENTILE.INC | The value from a data set that corresponds to a particular percentage (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK | (PERCENTRANK.INC) The rank of a value as a percentage (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | The rank of a value as a percentage (exclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.INC | The rank of a value as a percentage (inclusive). |

PERMUT | The number of permutations for a subset of objects or events. |

PERMUTATIONA | (2013) The number of permutations for a subset of objects or events (with repetition). |

PHI | (2013) The value of the density function for a standard normal distribution. |

PHONETIC | The phonetic characters from a text string. |

PI | The number PI (3.141592). |

PIVOTBY | (Microsoft 365) The grouping of your data along two axis and aggregates the associated values. |

PMT | The full amount (principal + interest) paid every period on a loan with fixed interest. |

POISSON | (POISSON.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a poisson distribution. |

POISSON.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a poisson distribution. |

POWER | The number raised to a given power. |

PPMT | The principal amount paid on a given period on a loan with fixed interest. |

PRICE | The price of a security that pays periodic interest. |

PRICEDISC | The price of a discounted security (no interest payments). |

PRICEMAT | The price of a security that pays interest at maturity. |

PROB | The probability that the values in a data set are greater than a lower limit and less than an upper limit. |

PRODUCT | The product of all the numbers in a list, table or cell range. |

PROPER | The text string with the first letter of every word as a capital letter. |

PV | The present value of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

PY | (Microsoft 365) The value or object after running code in a Python Editor using the Microsoft Cloud runtime. |

QUARTILE | (QUARTILE.INC) The quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUARTILE.EXC | The quartile of a data set (exclusive). |

QUARTILE.INC | The quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUOTIENT | The integer portion after division. |

RADIANS | The number of radians given the number of degrees. |

RAND | The random number >=0 and <1. |

RANDARRAY | (2021) The array of random numbers between 0 and 1. |

RANDBETWEEN | The random number between two specified numbers (inclusive). |

RANK | (RANK.EQ) The rank of a value in descending order (equal ranking). |

RANK.AVG | The rank of a value in descending order (average ranking). |

RANK.EQ | The rank of a value in descending order (equal ranking). |

RATE | The interest rate for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

RECEIVED | The amount received at the end when a security is held to maturity. |

REDUCE | (Microsoft 365) The total value after reducing an array by applying a LAMBDA function. |

REPLACE | The text string after replacing characters in a specific location. |

REPT | The text string repeated a number of times. |

RIGHT | The last or right most characters in a text string. |

ROMAN | The text string converting a binary number to a roman numeral. |

ROUND | The number rounded to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDDOWN | The number rounded down to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDUP | The number rounded up to a specified number of digits. |

ROW | The row number of a cell reference. |

ROWS | The number of rows in a cell range or reference. |

RRI | (2013) The equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment. |

RSQ | The square of pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known y's and known x's. |

RTD | The real time data from a program that supports COM. |

SCAN | (Microsoft 365) The array after applying a LAMBDA function to each value and returns an array. |

SEARCH | The starting position of a substring within a larger text string. |

SEC | (2013) The secant of a number. |

SECH | (2013) The hyperbolic secant of a number. |

SECOND | The number of seconds as an integer given a date serial number. |

SEQUENCE | (2021) The array of sequential numbers. |

SERIESSUM | The sum of a power series based on a formula. |

SHEET | (2013) The sheet number of the referenced sheet. |

SHEETS | (2013) The number of sheets in a reference. |

SIGN | The numerical value indicating if a number is positive or negative. |

SIN | The sine of a number. |

SINGLE | (2021, Removed in 365) The value from a cell range which is the intersection of a row OR a column. |

SINH | The hyperbolic sine of a number. |

SKEW | The number representing the skewness of a distribution based on a sample. |

SKEW.P | (2013) The number representing the skewness of a distribution based on an entire population. |

SLN | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line method). |

SLOPE | The slope of a linear regression line through the given data points. |

SMALL | The kth smallest value in a list, table or cell range. |

SORT | (2021) The array of data that has been sorted by one column. |

SORTBY | (2021) The array of data that has been sorted based on multiple columns. |

SQRT | The positive square root of a number. |

SQRTPI | The square root of a number multiplied by PI. |

STANDARDIZE | The normalized value from a distributed characterised by a mean and a standard deviation. |

STDEV | (STDEV.S) The standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEV.P | The standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEV.S | The standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEVA | The standard deviation based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

STDEVP | (STDEV.P) The standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEVPA | The standard deviation based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

STEYX | The standard error of a regression. |

STOCKHISTORY | (Microsoft 365) The historical data about a financial instrument. |

SUBSTITUTE | The text string after replacing instances of a substring. |

SUBTOTAL | (AGGREGATE) The subtotal of values in a list, table or cell range (renamed). |

SUM | The total of the numerical values in a list, table or cell range. |

SUMIF | (SUMIFS) The total of the numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies one condition. |

SUMIFS | The total of the numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

SUMPRODUCT | The sum of the product of one or more arrays of values. |

SUMSQ | The variation of a data set from its mean. |

SUMX2MY2 | The sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMX2PY2 | The sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMXMY2 | The sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SWITCH | (2019) The value based on a list of exact matches. |

SYD | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (sum-of-years digits method). |

T | The text string of the value given. |

T.DIST | The probability distribution function for a t distribution (left tailed). |

T.DIST.2T | The probability distribution function for a two tailed distribution (no cumulative). |

T.DIST.RT | The probability distribution function for a t distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

T.INV | The inverse of the probability distribution function for a t distribution (left tailed) |

T.INV.2T | The inverse of the probability distribution function for a two tailed distribution. |

T.TEST | The probability value from a t distribution. |

TAKE | (Microsoft 365) The intersection of specific rows and columns in an array. |

TAN | The tangent of a number. |

TANH | The hyperbolic tangent of a number. |

TBILLEQ | The yield (bond-equivalent) for a treasury bill. |

TBILLPRICE | The price per $100 face value for a treasury bill. |

TBILLYIELD | The yield for a treasury bill. |

TDIST | (T.DIST.2T) The percentage points probability for the t distribution. |

TEXT | The number as a formatted text string. |

TEXTAFTER | (Microsoft 365) The characters from the end of a text string after a delimiter. |

TEXTBEFORE | (Microsoft 365) The characters from the start of a text string before a delimiter. |

TEXTJOIN | (2019) The text string that is a concatenation of several strings with a delimiter. |

TEXTSPLIT | (Microsoft 365) The text string split into multiple columns using delimiters. |

TIME | The time as a decimal given an hour, minute, second. |

TIMEVALUE | The time as a decimal given a time in text format. |

TINV | (T.INV.2T) The t-value of the distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom. |

TOCOL | (Microsoft 365) The array transformed into a single column. |

TODAY | The date serial number representing today's date. |

TOROW | (Microsoft 365) The array transformed into a single row. |

TRANSPOSE | The array with its orientation changed. |

TREND | The y-values along a linear trend given a set of x-values. |

TRIM | The text string with all extra spaces removed from the beginning, middle and end. |

TRIMMEAN | The mean of the interior of a data set. |

TRUE | The logical value True. |

TRUNC | The number with any decimal places removed. |

TTEST | (T.TEST) The probability value from a t distribution. |

TYPE | The number indicating the data type of the value. |

UNICHAR | (2013) The character with the corresponding UNICODE character. |

UNICODE | (2013) The unicode number for the first character in a text string. |

UNIQUE | (2021) The array of unique values in a list, table or cell range. |

UPPER | The text string with all the characters converted to uppercase. |

VALUE | (NUMBERVALUE) The number that a text string represents (renamed). |

VALUETOTEXT | (Microsoft 365) The value converted to text. |

VAR | (VAR.S) The variance based on a sample. |

VAR.P | The variance based on an entire population. |

VAR.S | The variance based on a sample. |

VARA | The variance based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

VARP | (VAR.P) The variance based on an entire population. |

VARPA | The variance based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

VDB | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (variable declining balance method). |

VLOOKUP | The value in the same row after finding a matching value in the first column. |

VSTACK | (Microsoft 365) The array after putting multiple arrays on top of each other. |

WEBSERVICE | (2013) The results from a webservice. |

WEEKDAY | The day of the week for a given date. |

WEEKNUM | The week number in the year for a given date. |

WEIBULL | (WEIBULL.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a weibull distribution. |

WEIBULL.DIST | The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a weibull distribution. |

WORKDAY | (WORKDAY.INTL) The date serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

WORKDAY.INTL | The date serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

WRAPCOLS | (Microsoft 365) The array transformed into multiple columns. |

WRAPROWS | (Microsoft 365) The array transformed into multiple rows. |

XIRR | The interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals (implicit reinvestment rate). |

XLOOKUP | (2021) The value in the same row after finding a matching value in any column. |

XMATCH | (2021) The position of a value in a list, table or cell range. |

XNPV | The net present value of a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals. |

XOR | (2013) The logical exclusive OR for any number of arguments. |

YEAR | The year as an integer given a date serial number. |

YEARFRAC | The number of years as a decimal between two dates. |

YIELD | The interest rate (annual) for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

YIELDDISC | The interest rate (annual) for a discounted security (no interest payments). |

YIELDMAT | The interest rate (annual) for a security that pays interest at maturity. |

Z.TEST | The probability that the supplied hypothesized sample mean is greater than the mean of the supplied data values. |

ZTEST | (Z.TEST) The probability that the supplied hypothesized sample mean is greater than the mean of the supplied data values. |

ABSThe absolute value or a number without its sign. |

ACCRINTThe accrued interest for a security that pays interest periodically. |

ACCRINTMThe accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity. |

ACOSThe arc-cosine of a number. |

ACOSHThe hyperbolic arc-cosine of a number. |

ACOT(2013) The arc-cotangent of a number. |

ACOTH(2013) The hyperbolic arc-cotangent of a number. |

ADDRESSThe cell reference given a row and column number. |

AGGREGATEThe aggregate of values in a list, table or cell range. |

AMORDEGRCThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line, implicit coefficient). |

AMORLINCThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line). |

ANDThe logical AND for any number of arguments. |

ARABIC(2013) The number converted from roman to arabic. |

AREASThe number of areas in a cell range or reference. |

ARRAYTOTEXT(Microsoft 365) The contents of an array or cell ranges converted into text. |

ASCThe text string converted from double byte to single byte characters. |

ASINThe arc-sine of a number. |

ASINHThe hyperbolic arc-sine of a number. |

ATANThe arc-tangent of a number. |

ATAN2The arc-tangent of the specified x and y co-ordinates. |

ATANHThe hyperbolic arc-tangent of a number. |

AVEDEVThe average deviation of the numbers in a list, table or cell range. |

AVERAGEThe arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range. |

AVERAGEAThe arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

AVERAGEIF(AVERAGEIFS) The arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies one condition. |

AVERAGEIFSThe arithmetic mean of the values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

BAHTTEXTThe number converted to a Thai text string and appends 'Baht'. |

BASE(2013) The number converted into a text representation with the given base. |

BESSELIThe Bessel function evaluated for purely imaginary arguments. |

BESSELJThe modified Bessel function represented by J(x). |

BESSELKThe modified Bessel function represented by K(x). |

BESSELYThe modified Bessel function represented by Y(x). |

BETA.DISTThe probability of getting a specific value between 0 and 1 for different distribution shapes. |

BETA.INVThe inverse of the cumulative probability function for a beta distribution. |

BETADIST(BETA.DIST) The cumulative probability function for a beta distribution (only cumulative). |

BETAINV(BETA.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a beta distribution. |

BIN2DECThe number converted from binary to decimal. |

BIN2HEXThe number converted from binary to hexadecimal. |

BIN2OCTThe number converted from binary to octal. |

BINOM.DISTThe probability of getting a specific number of successes using a binomial distribution. |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE(2013) The probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution. |

BINOM.INVThe number of trials needed for a specific amount of success using a binomial distribution. |

BINOMDIST(BINOM.DIST) The probability of getting a specific number of successes using a binomial distribution. |

BITAND(2013) The bitwise AND of two numbers. |

BITLSHIFT(2013) The number shifted left by a number of bits. |

BITOR(2013) The bitwise OR of two numbers. |

BITRSHIFT(2013) The number shifted right by a number of bits. |

BITXOR(2013) The bitwise Exclusive OR of two numbers. |

BYCOL(Microsoft 365) The results from applying a LAMBDA function to each column in an array. |

BYROW(Microsoft 365) The results from applying a LAMBDA function to each row in an array. |

CEILING(CEILING.MATH) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

CEILING.MATH(2013) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure (including negative). |

CEILING.PRECISE(CEILING.MATH) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

CELLThe text string indicating information about a cell. |

CHARThe character with the corresponding ANSI/ASCII number. |

CHIDIST(CHISQ.DIST.RT) The probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

CHIINV(CHISQ.INV.RT) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed). |

CHISQ.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a chi-squared distribution (left tailed). |

CHISQ.DIST.RTThe probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

CHISQ.INVThe inverse of the probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (left tailed). |

CHISQ.INV.RTThe inverse of the probability distribution function for a chi-squared distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

CHISQ.TESTThe probability value from a chi-squared distribution. |

CHITEST(CHISQ.TEST) The probability value from a chi-squared distribution. |

CHOOSEThe value in a row (or column) based on an index number. |

CHOOSECOLS(Microsoft 365) The array with just a specific number of columns. |

CHOOSEROWS(Microsoft 365) The array with just a specifiic number of rows. |

CLEANThe text string with all the non-printable characters removed. |

CODEThe ANSI/ASCII number for the first character in a text string. |

COLUMNThe column number of a cell reference. |

COLUMNSThe number of columns in a cell range or reference. |

COMBINThe number of combinations for a given number of items (without repetition). |

COMBINA(2013) The number of combinations for a given number of items (with repetition). |

COMPLEXThe complex number given real and imaginary coefficients. |

CONCAT(2019) The text string that is a concatenation of cell ranges and strings. |

CONCATENATE(CONCAT) The text string that is a concatenation of several strings. |

CONFIDENCE(CONFIDENCE.NORM) The confidence interval for a population mean. |

CONFIDENCE.NORMThe confidence interval for a population mean. |

CONFIDENCE.TThe confidence interval for a population mean using a t distribution. |

CONVERTThe number in one measurement system converted to another. |

CORRELThe correlation coefficient between two data sets. |

COSThe cosine of a number. |

COSHThe hyperbolic cosine of a number. |

COT(2013) The cotangent of a number. |

COTH(2013) The hyperbolic cotangent of a number. |

COUNTThe number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range. |

COUNTAThe number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

COUNTBLANKThe number of empty cells. |

COUNTIF(COUNTIFS) The number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies one condition. |

COUNTIFSThe number of numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

COUPDAYBSThe number of days between the previous coupon date and the settlement date. |

COUPDAYSThe number of days between the coupon dates on either side of the settlement date. |

COUPDAYSNCThe number of days between the settlement date and the next coupon date. |

COUPNCDThe next coupon date after the settlement date. |

COUPNUMThe number of coupons between the settlement date and the maturity date. |

COUPPCDThe previous coupon date before the settlement date. |

COVAR(COVARIANCE.P) The covariance based on an entire population. |

COVARIANCE.PThe covariance based on an entire population. |

COVARIANCE.SThe covariance based on a sample. |

CRITBINOM(BINOM.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a binomial distribution (renamed). |

CSC(2013) The cosecant of a number. |

CSCH(2013) The hyperbolic cosecant of a number. |

CUBEKPIMEMBERThe name of a key performance indicator. |

CUBEMEMBERThe member or tuple from a cube. |

CUBESETThe calculated members returned from a cube. |

CUBESETCOUNTThe number of items in a set. |

CUBEVALUEThe aggregated value from a cube. |

CUMIPMTThe cumulative interest payment on a loan between two dates. |

CUMPRINCThe cumulative principal paid on a loan between two dates. |

DATEThe date as a date serial number given a year, month, day. |

DATEDIF(Compatibility) The number of days, months or years between two dates. |

DATEVALUEThe date serial number given a date in text format. |

DAVERAGEThe arithmetic mean of all the numbers in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DAYThe day as an integer given a date serial number. |

DAYS(2013) The number of days between two dates. |

DAYS360The number of days between two dates, based on 30 day months. |

DBThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (declining balance method). |

DBCS(2013) The text string converted from single byte to double byte characters. |

DCOUNTThe number of numerical values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DCOUNTAThe number of numerical values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions (including logical values and text). |

DDBThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (double or triple declining balance method). |

DEC2BINThe number converted from decimal to binary. |

DEC2HEXThe number converted from decimal to hexadecimal. |

DEC2OCTThe number converted from decimal to octal. |

DECIMAL(2013) The decimal number of a text representation of a number in a given base. |

DEGREESThe number of degrees given a number of radians. |

DELTAThe numerical value indicating if two numbers are equal. |

DEVSQThe sum of the squared deviations from the mean. |

DGETThe single value in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DISCThe interest rate (or discount rate) for a security held to maturity. |

DMAXThe largest value in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DMINThe smallest value in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DOLLARThe text string of a number with the dollar formatting $0,000.00. |

DOLLARDEThe dollar fraction expressed as a decimal. |

DOLLARFRThe dollar decimal expressed as a fraction. |

DPRODUCTThe product of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DROP(Microsoft 365) The array without certain rows or columns. |

DSTDEVThe standard deviation of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on a sample. |

DSTDEVPThe standard deviation of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on an entire population. |

DSUMThe total of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions. |

DURATIONThe annual duration of a security that pays interest periodically. |

DVARThe variance of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on a sample. |

DVARPThe variance of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions based on an entire population. |

ECMA.CEILING(Compatibility) The number rounded up to the nearest multiple of significance. |

EDATEThe date serial number that is a certain number of months before or after a date. |

EFFECTThe effective interest rate given a nominal interest rate and compounding frequency. |

ENCODEURL(2013) The url encoded string. |

EOMONTHThe date serial number of the last day of a month before or after a date. |

ERFThe value of the error function integrated between two limits. |

ERF.PRECISEThe value of the error function integrated between 0 and a limit. |

ERFC(ERFC.PRECISE) The complementary error function integrated between a limit and infinity. |

ERFC.PRECISEThe complementary error function integrated between a limit and infinity. |

ERROR.TYPEThe number corresponding to a particular error value in a cell. |

EUROCONVERTThe number converted to euros. |

EVENThe number rounded up to the nearest even integer. |

EXACTThe value True or False based on whether two strings match exactly. |

EXPThe exponential number raised to a particular power. |

EXPAND(Microsoft 365) The array expanded or padded to specific dimensions. |

EXPON.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for an exponential distribution. |

EXPONDIST(EXPON.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for an exponential distribution. |

F.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for an f distribution (left tailed). |

F.DIST.RTThe probability distribution function for an f distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

F.INVThe inverse of the probability distribution function for an f distribution (left tailed). |

F.INV.RTThe inverse of the probability distribution function for an f distribution (right tailed). |

F.TESTThe probability value from an f distribution. |

FACTThe factorial of a positive whole number. |

FACTDOUBLEThe double factorial of a positive whole number. |

FALSEThe logical value False. |

FDIST(F.DIST) The probability distribution function for an f distribution (left tailed) (no cumulative). |

FIELDVALUE(Microsoft 365) The value in a particular field from a linked data type. |

FILTER(2021) The array after filtering data that satisfies multiple conditions. |

FILTERXML(2013) The specific data from the xml content by using xpath. |

FINDThe starting position of a substring within a larger text string. |

FINV(F.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for an f distribution (left tailed). |

FISHERThe fisher transformation. |

FISHERINVThe inverse of the fisher transformation. |

FIXEDThe text string of a number rounded to a fixed number of decimal places. |

FLOOR(FLOOR.MATH) The number rounded down to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

FLOOR.MATH(2013) The number rounded down to the nearest integer or significant figure (including negative). |

FLOOR.PRECISE(FLOOR.MATH) The number rounded down to the nearest integer or significant figure. |

FORECAST(FORECAST.LINEAR) The future y-value along a linear trend using existing values. |

FORECAST.ETS(2016) The future value based on historical values. |

FORECAST.LINEAR(2016) The future y-value along a linear trend using existing values. |

FORMULATEXT(2013) The formula from a particular cell. |

FREQUENCYThe number of times a particular value occurs. |

FTEST(F.TEST) The probability value from an f distribution. |

FVThe future value of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

FVSCHEDULEThe future value of an initial principal after applying compound interest rates. |

GAMMA(2013) The gamma function value. |

GAMMA.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMA.INVThe inverse of the cumulative probability function for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMADIST(GAMMA.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMAINV(GAMMA.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution for a gamma distribution. |

GAMMALN(GAMMALN.PRECISE) The natural logarithm of the gamma function. |

GAMMALN.PRECISEThe natural logarithm of the gamma function. |

GAUSS(2013) The 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution. |

GCDThe greatest common divisor of two or more numbers. |

GEOMEANThe geometric mean of an array of numbers. |

GESTEPThe value True or False depending if the number is greater than a threshold value. |

GETPIVOTDATAThe data obtained from a pivot table. |

GROUPBY(Microsoft 365) The grouping of your data along one axis and aggregates the associated values. |

GROWTHThe predicted exponential growth using existing data. |

HARMEANThe harmonic mean of a data set. |

HEX2BINThe number converted from hexadecimal to binary. |

HEX2DECThe number converted from hexadecimal to decimal. |

HEX2OCTThe number converted from hexadecimal to octal. |

HLOOKUPThe value in the same column after finding a matching value in the first row. |

HOURThe hour as an integer given a date serial number. |

HSTACK(Microsoft 365) The array after putting multiple arrays next to each other. |

HYPERLINKThe hyperlink linked to a cell, document or webpage. |

HYPGEOM.DISTThe probability distribution functon OR the cumulative probability function for a hypergeometric distribution. |

HYPGEOMDIST(HYPGEOM.DIST) The cumulative probability function for a hypergeometric distribution (only cumulative). |

IFThe value based on whether a condition is True or False. |

IFERRORThe value or something else if it evaluates to an error. |

IFNA(2013) The value or something else if it evaluates to #N/A. |

IFS(2019) The value based on multiple True or False conditions. |

IMABSThe absolute value of a complex number. |

IMAGE(Microsoft 365) The image from a web URL. |

IMAGINARYThe imaginary coefficient of a complex number. |

IMARGUMENTThe theta argument in radians. |

IMCONJUGATEThe complex conjugate of a complex number. |

IMCOSThe cosine of a complex number. |

IMCOSH(2013) The hyperbolic cosine of a complex number. |

IMCOT(2013) The cotangent of a complex number. |

IMCSC(2013) The cosecant of a complex number. |

IMCSCH(2013) The hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number. |

IMDIVThe quotient of two complex numbers. |

IMEXPThe exponential of a complex number. |

IMLNThe natural logarithm of a complex number. |

IMLOG10The base-10 logarithm of a complex number. |

IMLOG2The base-2 logarithm of a complex number. |

IMPOWERThe complex number raised to an integer number. |

IMPRODUCTThe product of two or more complex numbers. |

IMREALThe real coefficient of a complex number. |

IMSEC(2013) The secant of a complex number. |

IMSECH(2013) The hyperbolic secant of a complex number. |

IMSINThe sine of a complex number. |

IMSINH(2013) The hyperbolic sine of a complex number. |

IMSQRTThe square root of a complex number. |

IMSUBThe difference of two complex numbers. |

IMSUMThe sum of two or more complex numbers. |

IMTAN(2013) The tangent of a complex number. |

INDEXThe value from a cell range which is the intersection of a row AND a column. |

INDIRECTThe value of a given cell reference specified by a text string. |

INFOThe text string returning useful information about the environment. |

INTThe number rounded down to the nearest integer. |

INTERCEPTThe intersection with the y-axis using a linear regression plotted through known values. |

INTRATEThe interest rate for a security held to maturity. |

IPMTThe interest amount paid on a given period on a loan with fixed interest. |

IRRThe interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals (implicit reinvestment rate). |

ISBLANKThe boolean True or False depending if the value is blank. |

ISERRThe boolean True or False depending if the value is an error (not #N/A). |

ISERRORThe boolean True or False depending if the value is an error. |

ISEVENThe boolean True or False depending if the value is an even number. |

ISFORMULA(2013) The boolean True or False depending if the cell contains a formula. |

ISLOGICALThe boolean True or False depending if the value is True or False. |

ISNAThe boolean True or False depending if the value is #N/A. |

ISNONTEXTThe boolean True or False depending if the value is non text. |

ISNUMBERThe boolean True or False depending if the value is a number. |

ISO.CEILING(CELING.MATH) The number rounded up to the nearest integer or significant figure (renamed). |

ISODDThe boolean True or False depending if the value is an odd number. |

ISOMITTED(Microsoft 365) The boolean True or False depending whether the value in a LAMBDA is missing. |

ISOWEEKNUM(2013) The number of the ISO week of the year for a given date. |

ISPMT(IPMT) The interest paid for a given period in a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals (incorrectly). |

ISREFThe boolean True or False depending if the value is a cell reference. |

ISTEXTThe boolean True or False depending if the value is text. |

JIS(DBCS) The text string converted from single byte to double byte characters (renamed). |

KURTThe kurtosis for a list or array of numbers. |

LAMBDA(Microsoft 365) The results of a formula added as a named range. |

LARGEThe kth largest value in a list, table or cell range. |

LCMThe least common multiple of two or more numbers. |

LEFTThe first or left most characters in a text string. |

LENThe number of characters in a text string. |

LET(2021) The result of a formula that can use variables. |

LINESTThe array of values for a straight line that best fits your data. |

LNThe natural logarithm of a number. |

LOGThe logarithm of a number to any base. |

LOG10The logarithm of a number to the base 10. |

LOGESTThe array of values for an exponential curve that best fits your data. |

LOGINV(LOGNORM.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a lognormal distribution. |

LOGNORM.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a lognormal distribution. |

LOGNORM.INVThe inverse of the probability distribution function for a lognormal distribution. |

LOGNORMDIST(LOGNORM.DIST) The cumulative probability function for a lognormal distribution (only cumulative). |

LOOKUPThe value in a row (or column) that matches a value in a column (or row). |

LOWERThe text string with all the characters converted to lowercase. |

MAKEARRAY(Microsoft 365) The array calculated by applying a LAMBDA function. |

MAP(Microsoft 365) The array formed by applying a map using a LAMBDA function. |

MATCHThe position of a value in a list, table or cell range. |

MAXThe largest value in a list, table or cell range. |

MAXAThe largest value in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

MAXIFS(2019) The largest value in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

MDETERMThe matrix determinant of an array. |

MDURATIONThe modified duration for a security that pays interest periodically. |

MEDIANThe number in the middle of a set of numbers. |

MIDThe characters from the middle of a text string. |

MINThe smallest value in a list, table or cell range. |

MINAThe smallest value in a list, table or cell range (including logical values and text). |

MINIFS(2019) The smallest value in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

MINUTEThe minute as an integer given a date serial number. |

MINVERSEThe inverse matrix of an array. |

MIRRThe interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals (explicit reinvestment rate). |

MMULTThe matrix product of two arrays. |

MODThe remainder after division. |

MODE(MODE.SNGL) The first number that appears the most often in a set. |

MODE.MULTThe array of all the numbers that appears the most often in a set. |

MODE.SNGLThe first number that appears the most often in a set. |

MONTHThe month as an integer given a date serial number. |

MROUNDThe number rounded to the desired multiple. |

MULTINOMIALThe number of permutations for a given number of items (with duplicates). |

MUNIT(2013) The unit matrix or the specified dimension. |

NThe value converted to a number. |

NAThe error value #N/A. |

NEGBINOM.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a negative binomial distribution. |

NEGBINOMDIST(NEGBINOM.DIST) The probability distribution function for a negative binomial distribution (no cumulative). |

NETWORKDAYS(NETWORKDAYS.INTL) The total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NETWORKDAYS.INTLThe total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NOMINALThe nominal interest rate over a period given an annual interest rate. |

NORM.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a normal distribution. |

NORM.INVThe inverse of the probability distribution function for a normal distribution. |

NORM.S.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a standard normal distribution. |

NORM.S.INVThe inverse of the probability distribution function for a standard normal distribution. |

NORMDIST(NORM.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a normal distribution. |

NORMINV(NORM.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a normal distribution. |

NORMSDIST(NORM.S.DIST) The probability distribution function for a standard normal distribution (no cumulative). |

NORMSINV(NORM.S.INV) The inverse of the probability distribution function for a standard normal distribution. |

NOTThe opposite of a True or False value. |

NOWThe date serial number of the current system date and time. |

NPERThe number of periods for an investment. |

NPVThe net present value of a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals. |

NUMBERVALUE(2013) The number that a text string represents (current locale). |

OCT2BINThe number converted from octal to binary. |

OCT2DECThe number converted from octal to decimal. |

OCT2HEXThe number converted from octal to hexadecimal. |

ODDThe number rounded up to the nearest odd integer. |

ODDFPRICEThe price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDFYIELDThe yield of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDLPRICEThe price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period. |

ODDLYIELDThe yield of a security with an odd last period. |

OFFSETThe value in a cell which is an offset from another cell. |

ORThe logical OR for any number of arguments. |

PDURATION(2013) The number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value. |

PEARSONThe pearson product moment correlation coefficient. |

PERCENTILE(PERCENTILE.INC) The value from a data set that corresponds to a particular percentage (inclusive). |

PERCENTILE.EXCThe value from a data set that corresponds to a particular percentage (exclusive). |

PERCENTILE.INCThe value from a data set that corresponds to a particular percentage (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK(PERCENTRANK.INC) The rank of a value as a percentage (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.EXCThe rank of a value as a percentage (exclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.INCThe rank of a value as a percentage (inclusive). |

PERMUTThe number of permutations for a subset of objects or events. |

PERMUTATIONA(2013) The number of permutations for a subset of objects or events (with repetition). |

PHI(2013) The value of the density function for a standard normal distribution. |

PHONETICThe phonetic characters from a text string. |

PIThe number PI (3.141592). |

PIVOTBY(Microsoft 365) The grouping of your data along two axis and aggregates the associated values. |

PMTThe full amount (principal + interest) paid every period on a loan with fixed interest. |

POISSON(POISSON.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a poisson distribution. |

POISSON.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a poisson distribution. |

POWERThe number raised to a given power. |

PPMTThe principal amount paid on a given period on a loan with fixed interest. |

PRICEThe price of a security that pays periodic interest. |

PRICEDISCThe price of a discounted security (no interest payments). |

PRICEMATThe price of a security that pays interest at maturity. |

PROBThe probability that the values in a data set are greater than a lower limit and less than an upper limit. |

PRODUCTThe product of all the numbers in a list, table or cell range. |

PROPERThe text string with the first letter of every word as a capital letter. |

PVThe present value of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

PY(Microsoft 365) The value or object after running code in a Python Editor using the Microsoft Cloud runtime. |

QUARTILE(QUARTILE.INC) The quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUARTILE.EXCThe quartile of a data set (exclusive). |

QUARTILE.INCThe quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUOTIENTThe integer portion after division. |

RADIANSThe number of radians given the number of degrees. |

RANDThe random number >=0 and <1. |

RANDARRAY(2021) The array of random numbers between 0 and 1. |

RANDBETWEENThe random number between two specified numbers (inclusive). |

RANK(RANK.EQ) The rank of a value in descending order (equal ranking). |

RANK.AVGThe rank of a value in descending order (average ranking). |

RANK.EQThe rank of a value in descending order (equal ranking). |

RATEThe interest rate for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

RECEIVEDThe amount received at the end when a security is held to maturity. |

REDUCE(Microsoft 365) The total value after reducing an array by applying a LAMBDA function. |

REPLACEThe text string after replacing characters in a specific location. |

REPTThe text string repeated a number of times. |

RIGHTThe last or right most characters in a text string. |

ROMANThe text string converting a binary number to a roman numeral. |

ROUNDThe number rounded to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDDOWNThe number rounded down to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDUPThe number rounded up to a specified number of digits. |

ROWThe row number of a cell reference. |

ROWSThe number of rows in a cell range or reference. |

RRI(2013) The equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment. |

RSQThe square of pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known y's and known x's. |

RTDThe real time data from a program that supports COM. |

SCAN(Microsoft 365) The array after applying a LAMBDA function to each value and returns an array. |

SEARCHThe starting position of a substring within a larger text string. |

SEC(2013) The secant of a number. |

SECH(2013) The hyperbolic secant of a number. |

SECONDThe number of seconds as an integer given a date serial number. |

SEQUENCE(2021) The array of sequential numbers. |

SERIESSUMThe sum of a power series based on a formula. |

SHEET(2013) The sheet number of the referenced sheet. |

SHEETS(2013) The number of sheets in a reference. |

SIGNThe numerical value indicating if a number is positive or negative. |

SINThe sine of a number. |

SINGLE(2021, Removed in 365) The value from a cell range which is the intersection of a row OR a column. |

SINHThe hyperbolic sine of a number. |

SKEWThe number representing the skewness of a distribution based on a sample. |

SKEW.P(2013) The number representing the skewness of a distribution based on an entire population. |

SLNThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line method). |

SLOPEThe slope of a linear regression line through the given data points. |

SMALLThe kth smallest value in a list, table or cell range. |

SORT(2021) The array of data that has been sorted by one column. |

SORTBY(2021) The array of data that has been sorted based on multiple columns. |

SQRTThe positive square root of a number. |

SQRTPIThe square root of a number multiplied by PI. |

STANDARDIZEThe normalized value from a distributed characterised by a mean and a standard deviation. |

STDEV(STDEV.S) The standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEV.PThe standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEV.SThe standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEVAThe standard deviation based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

STDEVP(STDEV.P) The standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEVPAThe standard deviation based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

STEYXThe standard error of a regression. |

STOCKHISTORY(Microsoft 365) The historical data about a financial instrument. |

SUBSTITUTEThe text string after replacing instances of a substring. |

SUBTOTAL(AGGREGATE) The subtotal of values in a list, table or cell range (renamed). |

SUMThe total of the numerical values in a list, table or cell range. |

SUMIF(SUMIFS) The total of the numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies one condition. |

SUMIFSThe total of the numerical values in a list, table or cell range that satisfies multiple conditions. |

SUMPRODUCTThe sum of the product of one or more arrays of values. |

SUMSQThe variation of a data set from its mean. |

SUMX2MY2The sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMX2PY2The sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMXMY2The sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SWITCH(2019) The value based on a list of exact matches. |

SYDThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (sum-of-years digits method). |

TThe text string of the value given. |

T.DISTThe probability distribution function for a t distribution (left tailed). |

T.DIST.2TThe probability distribution function for a two tailed distribution (no cumulative). |

T.DIST.RTThe probability distribution function for a t distribution (right tailed) (no cumulative). |

T.INVThe inverse of the probability distribution function for a t distribution (left tailed) |

T.INV.2TThe inverse of the probability distribution function for a two tailed distribution. |

T.TESTThe probability value from a t distribution. |

TAKE(Microsoft 365) The intersection of specific rows and columns in an array. |

TANThe tangent of a number. |

TANHThe hyperbolic tangent of a number. |

TBILLEQThe yield (bond-equivalent) for a treasury bill. |

TBILLPRICEThe price per $100 face value for a treasury bill. |

TBILLYIELDThe yield for a treasury bill. |

TDIST(T.DIST.2T) The percentage points probability for the t distribution. |

TEXTThe number as a formatted text string. |

TEXTAFTER(Microsoft 365) The characters from the end of a text string after a delimiter. |

TEXTBEFORE(Microsoft 365) The characters from the start of a text string before a delimiter. |

TEXTJOIN(2019) The text string that is a concatenation of several strings with a delimiter. |

TEXTSPLIT(Microsoft 365) The text string split into multiple columns using delimiters. |

TIMEThe time as a decimal given an hour, minute, second. |

TIMEVALUEThe time as a decimal given a time in text format. |

TINV(T.INV.2T) The t-value of the distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom. |

TOCOL(Microsoft 365) The array transformed into a single column. |

TODAYThe date serial number representing today's date. |

TOROW(Microsoft 365) The array transformed into a single row. |

TRANSPOSEThe array with its orientation changed. |

TRENDThe y-values along a linear trend given a set of x-values. |

TRIMThe text string with all extra spaces removed from the beginning, middle and end. |

TRIMMEANThe mean of the interior of a data set. |

TRUEThe logical value True. |

TRUNCThe number with any decimal places removed. |

TTEST(T.TEST) The probability value from a t distribution. |

TYPEThe number indicating the data type of the value. |

UNICHAR(2013) The character with the corresponding UNICODE character. |

UNICODE(2013) The unicode number for the first character in a text string. |

UNIQUE(2021) The array of unique values in a list, table or cell range. |

UPPERThe text string with all the characters converted to uppercase. |

VALUE(NUMBERVALUE) The number that a text string represents (renamed). |

VALUETOTEXT(Microsoft 365) The value converted to text. |

VAR(VAR.S) The variance based on a sample. |

VAR.PThe variance based on an entire population. |

VAR.SThe variance based on a sample. |

VARAThe variance based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

VARP(VAR.P) The variance based on an entire population. |

VARPAThe variance based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

VDBThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (variable declining balance method). |

VLOOKUPThe value in the same row after finding a matching value in the first column. |

VSTACK(Microsoft 365) The array after putting multiple arrays on top of each other. |

WEBSERVICE(2013) The results from a webservice. |

WEEKDAYThe day of the week for a given date. |

WEEKNUMThe week number in the year for a given date. |

WEIBULL(WEIBULL.DIST) The probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a weibull distribution. |

WEIBULL.DISTThe probability distribution function OR the cumulative probability function for a weibull distribution. |

WORKDAY(WORKDAY.INTL) The date serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

WORKDAY.INTLThe date serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

WRAPCOLS(Microsoft 365) The array transformed into multiple columns. |

WRAPROWS(Microsoft 365) The array transformed into multiple rows. |

XIRRThe interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals (implicit reinvestment rate). |

XLOOKUP(2021) The value in the same row after finding a matching value in any column. |

XMATCH(2021) The position of a value in a list, table or cell range. |

XNPVThe net present value of a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals. |

XOR(2013) The logical exclusive OR for any number of arguments. |

YEARThe year as an integer given a date serial number. |

YEARFRACThe number of years as a decimal between two dates. |

YIELDThe interest rate (annual) for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

YIELDDISCThe interest rate (annual) for a discounted security (no interest payments). |

YIELDMATThe interest rate (annual) for a security that pays interest at maturity. |

Z.TESTThe probability that the supplied hypothesized sample mean is greater than the mean of the supplied data values. |

ZTEST(Z.TEST) The probability that the supplied hypothesized sample mean is greater than the mean of the supplied data values. |

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