# SUM

SUM(number1 [,number2] [..])

Returns the total of the numerical values in a list, table or cell range.

 number1 The first number. number2 (Optional) The second number.

 REMARKS
 * For an illustrated example refer to the page under Advanced Functions* This function includes hidden cells.* Arguments that are just numbers are included.* Arguments that are just numbers passed as text ("3") are included. See Example 15.* Arguments that are just logical values are included. True evaluates to 1. False evaluates to 0. See Example 16.* Arguments that are just text will generate a #VALUE! error. See Example 18.* Arguments that are references to cells containing zeros are included. See Example 9.* Arguments that are references to cells containing dates are included and the date serial number is used. See Example 12.* Arguments that are references to cells containing logical values are excluded. See Example 11.* Arguments that are references to cells containing text are excluded. See Example 10.* Arguments that are references to cells containing error values will be returned. See Example 14.* Arguments that are references to empty cells are excluded. See Example 8.* Arguments that are arrays containing logical values are excluded. See Example 20.* Arguments that are arrays containing text are excluded. See Example 19.* You can have a maximum of 255 arguments.* To sum all the values in column "C" use: "=SUM(C:C)". This function automatically finds the last used row in a column reference.* There is also an AutoSum button to help you enter this function quickly.* You can use the SUMIF function to return the total of the values that satisfies one condition.* You can use the SUMIFS function to return the total of the values that satisfies multiple conditions.* You can use the SUMPRODUCT function to return the sum of the product of one or more arrays of values.* You can use the SUMSQ function to return the sum of the squares of all the values in a list, table or cell range.* You can use the SUMFORMAT - User Defined Function to return the sum of all the values that have been formatted with multiple attributes.* You can use the SUMVISIBLE - User Defined Function to exclude hidden cells.* You can use the DSUM function to return the total of the values in a column that satisfies multiple conditions.* You can use the AGGREGATE function to exclude hidden cells.* This is similar to the AVERAGE, COUNT, MAX, MIN and PRODUCT functions.* For the Microsoft documentation refer to support.microsoft.com* For the Google documentation refer to support.google.com

 A B 1 =SUM(1, 2, 3) = 6 5 2 =SUM(1, 2, 3, 0) = 6 10 3 =SUM(-2, -3, 4, 5, 6) = 10 15 4 =SUM({-2, -3, 4, 5, 6}) = 10 5 =SUM(B1:B3) = 30 0 6 =SUM(B1, B2, B3) = 30 text 7 =SUM(B1, B2, B3, B4) = 30 True 8 =SUM(B1, B2, B3, B5) = 30 False 9 =SUM(B1, B2, B3, B6) = 30 =DATE(2024, 1, 1) = 01 Jan 2024 10 =SUM(B1, B2, B3, B7) = 30 =10/0 = #DIV/0! 11 =SUM(B1, B2, B3, B8) = 30 12 =SUM(B1, B2, B3, B9) = 45322 13 =SUM(named_range) = 30 14 =SUM(B1, B2, B3, B10) = #DIV/0! 15 =SUM(2, "3") = 5 16 =SUM(2, TRUE) = 3 17 =SUM(2, FALSE) = 2 18 =SUM(2, "some text") = #VALUE! 19 =SUM({2, "some text"}) = 2 20 =SUM({2, TRUE}) = 2

 1 - What is the sum of the values (1,2,3).2 - What is the sum of the values (1,2,3,0). Zeros are always included.3 - What is the sum of the values (-2,-3,4,5,6).4 - What is the sum of the values in the array {-2,-3,4,5,6}.5 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1:B3".6 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2" and "B3".7 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2", "B3" and "B4". B4 is empty. Empty cells are always excluded.8 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2", "B3" and "B5". B5 is zero so this gets included.9 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2", "B3" and "B6". B6 is text so this gets excluded.10 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2", "B3" and "B7". B7 is a logical value so this gets excluded.11 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2", "B3" and "B8". B8 is a logical value so this gets excluded.12 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2", "B3" and "B9". B9 is a date so this gets included as a date serial number.13 - What is the sum of the values in the named range that refers to the range "B1:B3".14 - What is the sum of the values in range "B1", "B2", "B3" and "B10". B10 contains an error so that gets returned.15 - What is the sum of these values (2, "3"). Text values that are actually numbers are included.16 - What is the sum of these values (2, TRUE). Logical values passed as arguments are included. TRUE is replaced with 1.17 - What is the sum of these values (2, FALSE). Logical values passed as arguments are included. FALSE is replaced with 0.18 - What is the sum of these values (2, "some text"). Text values passed as arguments are excluded.19 - What is the sum of the values in the array {2, "some text"}. Text values inside arrays are excluded.20 - What is the sum of the values in the array {2, TRUE}. Logical values inside arrays are excluded.