VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num [,range_lookup]) 
Returns the value in the same row after finding a matching value in the first column. 
lookup_value  The value to look for in the first column of the table_array. 
table_array  The cell range or a range name containing the table of data. 
col_index_num  The column number for the value you want returned. 
range_lookup  (Optional) Whether to find an exact match: 0 / False = Exact match is returned (table_array does not have to be sorted) 1 / True = Exact match or the next smallest item (table_array must be sorted) (default) 
Remarks 
* For an illustrated example refer to the page under Lookup Functions. * XLOOKUP was added in Microsoft 365 to replace this function. * This function is not case sensitive when searching for text strings. * This function supports wildcards (? and *). * Wildcard character: ? = a single character. * Wildcard character: * = multiple characters. * This function should be used when you want to lookup a matching value in a particular column of a table and then return a value in the corresponding row. * This function cannot return values that are to the left of the lookup column. * The "lookup_value" can be a number, text, logical value, or a name or reference that refers to a one of these. * If "lookup_value" cannot be found and "range_lookup" is False, then #N/A is returned. * If "lookup_value" cannot be found and "range_lookup" is True, it uses the largest value that is less than the "lookup_value". * If "lookup_value" is text, then it can also include the two wildcard characters (*) and (?). * If "lookup_value" is smaller than the smallest value in the first column of "table_array", then #N/A is returned. * If "table_array" contains duplicate values then the results are based on the first match found. * If "col_index_num" = 1, the first column value in "table_array" is used. * If "col_index_num" = 2, the second column value in "table_array" is used. * If "col_index_num" < 1, then #VALUE! is returned. * If "col_index_num" > the number of columns in table_array, then #REF! is returned. * If "col_index_num" is not numeric, then #VALUE! is returned. * If "range_lookup" is left blank, then True is used. * If "range_lookup" = True, then an approximate match is returned. In other words, if an exact match is not found, the next largest value that is less than "lookup_value" is returned. * If "range_lookup" = True, then the values must be sorted into ascending order (1, 0, 1, A, a, FALSE, TRUE). * If "range_lookup" = False, then an exact match will be found. If one is not found, then #N/A is returned. * If "range_lookup" = False, then "table_array" does not have to be sorted. * What happens if your tables contain empty cells. * This function will only return values less than 256 characters long. If the matching value is more than 255 characters, then #N/A is returned. * You can use the XLOOKUP function to return a value in the same row (or column). * You can use the HLOOKUP function to return a value in the same column. * You can use the LOOKUP function to return a value in a row (or column) that matches a value in a column (or row). * You can use the MATCH function to return the position of a value. * You can use the INDEX function to return the intersection of a row and a column. * You can use the INDEX and MATCH functions as an alternative when your 'lookup value' is not in the first column. * You can use the OFFSET and MATCH functions as an alternative when your 'lookup value' is not in the first column. * VBA  The WorksheetFunction.VLookUp does not work properly in all versions. To avoid the errors use Application.VLookUp * For the Microsoft documentation refer to support.office.com 

5  The equivalent using OFFSET and MATCH 
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