### Alphabetical N - Z

N | The value converted to a number. |

NA | The error value #N/A. |

NEGBINOM.DIST | The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a negative binomial distribution. |

NEGBINOMDIST | (NEGBINOM.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a negative binomial distribution (no cumulative). |

NETWORKDAYS | (NETWORKDAYS.INTL) The total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | The total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NOMINAL | The nominal interest rate over a period given an annual interest rate. |

NORM.DIST | The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a normal distribution. |

NORM.INV | The x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NORM.S.DIST | The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a standard normal distribution. |

NORM.S.INV | The x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NORMDIST | (NORM.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a normal distribution. |

NORMINV | (NORM.INV) The x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NORMSDIST | (NORM.S.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a normal distribution (no cumulative). |

NORMSINV | (NORM.S.INV) The x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NOT | The opposite of a True or False value. |

NOW | The serial number of the current system date and time. |

NPER | The number of periods for an investment. |

NPV | The present value of a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals. |

NUMBERVALUE | (2013) The number that a text string represents (current locale). |

OCT2BIN | The number converted from octal to binary. |

OCT2DEC | The number converted from octal to decimal. |

OCT2HEX | The number converted from octal to hexadecimal. |

ODD | The number rounded up to the nearest odd integer. |

ODDFPRICE | The price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDFYIELD | The yield of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDLPRICE | The price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period. |

ODDLYIELD | The yield of a security with an odd last period. |

OFFSET | The value in a cell which is an offset from another cell. |

OR | The logical OR for any number of arguments. |

PDURATION | (2013) The number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value. |

PEARSON | The pearson product moment correlation coefficient. |

PERCENTILE | (PERCENTILE.INC) The number corresponding to a particular percentage from an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERCENTILE.EXC | The number corresponding to a particular percentage from an array of numbers (exclusive). |

PERCENTILE.INC | The number corresponding to a particular percentage from an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK | (PERCENTRANK.INC) The percentage rank of a value in an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | The percentage rank of a value in an array of numbers (exclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.INC | The percentage rank of a value in an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERMUT | The number of permutations for a subset of objects or events. |

PERMUTATIONA | (2013) The number of permutations for a subset of objects or events (with repetition). |

PHI | (2013) The value of the density function for a standard normal distribution. |

PHONETIC | The phonetic characters from a text string. |

PI | The number PI (3.141592). |

PMT | The payment for a loan with constant payments and fixed interest. |

POISSON | (POISSON.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a poisson distribution. |

POISSON.DIST | The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a poisson distribution. |

POWER | The number raised to a given power. |

PPMT | The fixed payment made in each period of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

PRICE | The price of a security that pays periodic interest. |

PRICEDISC | The price of a discounted security (no interest payments). |

PRICEMAT | The price of a security that pays interest at maturity. |

PROB | The probability that values in a range are between two limits. |

PRODUCT | The product of all the numbers in a list or cell range. |

PROPER | The text string with the first letter of every word as a capital letter. |

PV | The present value of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

QUARTILE | (QUARTILE.INC) The quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUARTILE.EXC | The quartile of a data set (exclusive). |

QUARTILE.INC | The quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUOTIENT | The integer portion after division. |

RADIANS | The number of radians given the number of degrees. |

RAND | The random number >=0 and <1. |

RANDARRAY | (Microsoft 365) The array of random numbers between 0 and 1. |

RANDBETWEEN | The random number between two specified numbers (inclusive). |

RANK | (RANK.EQ) The rank of a value in a list, table or cell range (in descending order) (equal ranking). |

RANK.AVG | The rank of a value in a list, table or cell range (in descending order) (average ranking). |

RANK.EQ | The rank of a value in a list, table or cell range (in descending order) (equal ranking). |

RATE | The interest rate for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

RECEIVED | The amount received at the end when a security is held to maturity. |

REPLACE | The text string after replacing characters in a specific location. |

REPT | The text string repeated a number of times. |

RIGHT | The last or right most characters in a text string. |

ROMAN | The text string converting a binary number to a roman numeral. |

ROUND | The number rounded to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDDOWN | The number rounded down to the nearest integer. |

ROUNDUP | The number rounded up to the nearest integer. |

ROW | The row number of a cell reference. |

ROWS | The number of rows in a cell range or reference. |

RRI | (2013) The equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment. |

RSQ | The square of pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known y's and known x's. |

RTD | The real time data from a program that supports COM. |

SEARCH | The starting position of a substring within a larger text string. |

SEC | (2013) The secant of a number. |

SECH | (2013) The hyperbolic secant of a number. |

SECOND | The number of seconds as an integer given a date serial number. |

SEQUENCE | (Microsoft 365) The array of sequential numbers. |

SERIESSUM | The sum of a power series based on a formula. |

SHEET | (2013) The sheet number of the referenced sheet. |

SHEETS | (2013) The number of sheets in a reference. |

SIGN | The numerical value indicating if a number is positive or negative. |

SIN | The sine of a number. |

SINGLE | (Microsoft 365) The value from a cell range which is the intersection of a row OR a column. |

SINH | The hyperbolic sine of a number. |

SKEW | The number representing the skewness of a distribution based on a sample. |

SKEW.P | (2013) The number representing the skewness of a distribution based on an entire population. |

SLN | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line method). |

SLOPE | The slope of a linear regression line through the given data points. |

SMALL | The kth smallest value in a list or array of numbers. |

SORT | (Microsoft 365) The array of data in a range that has been sorted. |

SORTBY | (Microsoft 365) The array of data in a range that has been sorted based on the values in a corresponding range. |

SQRT | The positive square root of a number. |

SQRTPI | The square root of a number multiplied by PI. |

STANDARDIZE | The normalized value from a distributed characterised by a mean and a standard deviation. |

STDEV | (STDEV.S) The standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEV.P | The standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEV.S | The standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEVA | The standard deviation based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

STDEVP | (STDEV.P) The standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEVPA | The standard deviation based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

STEYX | The standard error of a regression. |

SUBSTITUTE | The text string after replacing instances of a substring. |

SUBTOTAL | (AGGREGATE) The subtotal of values in a list, table or cell range. |

SUM | The total value of the numbers in a list, table or cell range. |

SUMIF | (SUMIFS) The total value of the numbers that satisfies one condition. |

SUMIFS | The total value of the numbers that satisfies multiple conditions. |

SUMPRODUCT | The sum of the product of one or more arrays of values. |

SUMSQ | The sum of the squares of all the values in a list, table or cell range. |

SUMX2MY2 | The sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMX2PY2 | The sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMXMY2 | The sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SWITCH | (2019) The value based on the first matching item. |

SYD | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (sum-of-years digits method). |

T | The text string of the value given. |

T.DIST | The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a t distribution (left tailed). |

T.DIST.2T | The percentage points probability for the t distribution. |

T.DIST.RT | The probability of getting greater than a particular value in a t distribution (right tailed). |

T.INV | The probability of getting greater than a particular value in a t distribution (left tailed) |

T.INV.2T | The t value of the t distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom. |

T.TEST | The probability associated with a t test. |

TAN | The tangent of a number. |

TANH | The hyperbolic tangent of a number. |

TBILLEQ | The yield (bond-equivalent) for a treasury bill. |

TBILLPRICE | The price per $100 face value for a treasury bill. |

TBILLYIELD | The yield for a treasury bill. |

TDIST | (T.DIST.2T) The percentage points probability for the t distribution. |

TEXT | The number as a formatted text string. |

TEXTJOIN | (2019) The text string that is a concatenation of several strings (with delimiter). |

TIME | The time as a decimal given an hour, minute, second. |

TIMEVALUE | The time as a decimal given a time in text format. |

TINV | (T.INV.2T) The t-value of the distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom. |

TODAY | The serial number representing today's date. |

TRANSPOSE | The array with its orientation changed. |

TREND | The y-values along a linear trend given a set of x-values. |

TRIM | The text string with all extra spaces removed from the beginning, middle and end. |

TRIMMEAN | The mean of the interior of a data set. |

TRUE | The logical value True. |

TRUNC | The number with any decimal places removed. |

TTEST | (T.TEST) The probability associated with a t test. |

TYPE | The number indicating the data type of the value. |

UNICHAR | (2013) The character with the corresponding UNICODE character. |

UNICODE | (2013) The UNICODE number for the first character in a text string. |

UNIQUE | (Microsoft 365) The array of unique values in a list, table or cell range. |

UPPER | The text string with all the characters converted to uppercase. |

VALUE | (NUMBERVALUE) The number that a text string represents (renamed). |

VAR | (VAR.S) The variance based on a sample. |

VAR.P | The variance based on an entire population. |

VAR.S | The variance based on a sample. |

VARA | The variance based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

VARP | (VAR.P) The variance based on an entire population. |

VARPA | The variance based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

VDB | The depreciation of an asset in a single period (variable declining balance method). |

VLOOKUP | The value in the same row after finding a matching value in the first column. |

WEBSERVICE | (2013) The results from a webservice. |

WEEKDAY | The day of the week for a given date. |

WEEKNUM | The week number in the year for a given date. |

WEIBULL | (WEIBULL.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a weibull distribution. |

WEIBULL.DIST | The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a weibull distribution. |

WORKDAY | (WORKDAY.INTL) The serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

WORKDAY.INTL | The serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

XIRR | The interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals. |

XLOOKUP | (Microsoft 365) The value in the same row after finding a matching value in any column. |

XMATCH | (Microsoft 365) The position of a value in a list, table or cell range. |

XNPV | The present value for a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals. |

XOR | (2013) The logical exclusive OR for any number of arguments. |

YEAR | The year as an integer given a date serial number. |

YEARFRAC | The number of years as a decimal between two dates. |

YIELD | The interest rate (annual) for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

YIELDDISC | The interest rate (annual) for a discounted security (no interest payments). |

YIELDMAT | The interest rate (annual) for a security that pays interest at maturity. |

Z.TEST | The two-tailed p-value of a z-test. |

ZTEST | (Z.TEST) The two-tailed p-value of a z-test. |

NThe value converted to a number. |

NAThe error value #N/A. |

NEGBINOM.DISTThe probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a negative binomial distribution. |

NEGBINOMDIST(NEGBINOM.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a negative binomial distribution (no cumulative). |

NETWORKDAYS(NETWORKDAYS.INTL) The total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NETWORKDAYS.INTLThe total number of working days between two dates excluding weekends and holidays. |

NOMINALThe nominal interest rate over a period given an annual interest rate. |

NORM.DISTThe probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a normal distribution. |

NORM.INVThe x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NORM.S.DISTThe probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a standard normal distribution. |

NORM.S.INVThe x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NORMDIST(NORM.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a normal distribution. |

NORMINV(NORM.INV) The x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NORMSDIST(NORM.S.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a normal distribution (no cumulative). |

NORMSINV(NORM.S.INV) The x variable corresponding to less than a particular probability. |

NOTThe opposite of a True or False value. |

NOWThe serial number of the current system date and time. |

NPERThe number of periods for an investment. |

NPVThe present value of a series of unequal cash flows at regular intervals. |

NUMBERVALUE(2013) The number that a text string represents (current locale). |

OCT2BINThe number converted from octal to binary. |

OCT2DECThe number converted from octal to decimal. |

OCT2HEXThe number converted from octal to hexadecimal. |

ODDThe number rounded up to the nearest odd integer. |

ODDFPRICEThe price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDFYIELDThe yield of a security with an odd first period. |

ODDLPRICEThe price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period. |

ODDLYIELDThe yield of a security with an odd last period. |

OFFSETThe value in a cell which is an offset from another cell. |

ORThe logical OR for any number of arguments. |

PDURATION(2013) The number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value. |

PEARSONThe pearson product moment correlation coefficient. |

PERCENTILE(PERCENTILE.INC) The number corresponding to a particular percentage from an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERCENTILE.EXCThe number corresponding to a particular percentage from an array of numbers (exclusive). |

PERCENTILE.INCThe number corresponding to a particular percentage from an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK(PERCENTRANK.INC) The percentage rank of a value in an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.EXCThe percentage rank of a value in an array of numbers (exclusive). |

PERCENTRANK.INCThe percentage rank of a value in an array of numbers (inclusive). |

PERMUTThe number of permutations for a subset of objects or events. |

PERMUTATIONA(2013) The number of permutations for a subset of objects or events (with repetition). |

PHI(2013) The value of the density function for a standard normal distribution. |

PHONETICThe phonetic characters from a text string. |

PIThe number PI (3.141592). |

PMTThe payment for a loan with constant payments and fixed interest. |

POISSON(POISSON.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a poisson distribution. |

POISSON.DISTThe probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a poisson distribution. |

POWERThe number raised to a given power. |

PPMTThe fixed payment made in each period of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

PRICEThe price of a security that pays periodic interest. |

PRICEDISCThe price of a discounted security (no interest payments). |

PRICEMATThe price of a security that pays interest at maturity. |

PROBThe probability that values in a range are between two limits. |

PRODUCTThe product of all the numbers in a list or cell range. |

PROPERThe text string with the first letter of every word as a capital letter. |

PVThe present value of a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

QUARTILE(QUARTILE.INC) The quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUARTILE.EXCThe quartile of a data set (exclusive). |

QUARTILE.INCThe quartile of a data set (inclusive). |

QUOTIENTThe integer portion after division. |

RADIANSThe number of radians given the number of degrees. |

RANDThe random number >=0 and <1. |

RANDARRAY(Microsoft 365) The array of random numbers between 0 and 1. |

RANDBETWEENThe random number between two specified numbers (inclusive). |

RANK(RANK.EQ) The rank of a value in a list, table or cell range (in descending order) (equal ranking). |

RANK.AVGThe rank of a value in a list, table or cell range (in descending order) (average ranking). |

RANK.EQThe rank of a value in a list, table or cell range (in descending order) (equal ranking). |

RATEThe interest rate for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

RECEIVEDThe amount received at the end when a security is held to maturity. |

REPLACEThe text string after replacing characters in a specific location. |

REPTThe text string repeated a number of times. |

RIGHTThe last or right most characters in a text string. |

ROMANThe text string converting a binary number to a roman numeral. |

ROUNDThe number rounded to a specified number of digits. |

ROUNDDOWNThe number rounded down to the nearest integer. |

ROUNDUPThe number rounded up to the nearest integer. |

ROWThe row number of a cell reference. |

ROWSThe number of rows in a cell range or reference. |

RRI(2013) The equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment. |

RSQThe square of pearson product moment correlation coefficient through data points in known y's and known x's. |

RTDThe real time data from a program that supports COM. |

SEARCHThe starting position of a substring within a larger text string. |

SEC(2013) The secant of a number. |

SECH(2013) The hyperbolic secant of a number. |

SECONDThe number of seconds as an integer given a date serial number. |

SEQUENCE(Microsoft 365) The array of sequential numbers. |

SERIESSUMThe sum of a power series based on a formula. |

SHEET(2013) The sheet number of the referenced sheet. |

SHEETS(2013) The number of sheets in a reference. |

SIGNThe numerical value indicating if a number is positive or negative. |

SINThe sine of a number. |

SINGLE(Microsoft 365) The value from a cell range which is the intersection of a row OR a column. |

SINHThe hyperbolic sine of a number. |

SKEWThe number representing the skewness of a distribution based on a sample. |

SKEW.P(2013) The number representing the skewness of a distribution based on an entire population. |

SLNThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (straight-line method). |

SLOPEThe slope of a linear regression line through the given data points. |

SMALLThe kth smallest value in a list or array of numbers. |

SORT(Microsoft 365) The array of data in a range that has been sorted. |

SORTBY(Microsoft 365) The array of data in a range that has been sorted based on the values in a corresponding range. |

SQRTThe positive square root of a number. |

SQRTPIThe square root of a number multiplied by PI. |

STANDARDIZEThe normalized value from a distributed characterised by a mean and a standard deviation. |

STDEV(STDEV.S) The standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEV.PThe standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEV.SThe standard deviation based on a sample. |

STDEVAThe standard deviation based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

STDEVP(STDEV.P) The standard deviation based on an entire population. |

STDEVPAThe standard deviation based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

STEYXThe standard error of a regression. |

SUBSTITUTEThe text string after replacing instances of a substring. |

SUBTOTAL(AGGREGATE) The subtotal of values in a list, table or cell range. |

SUMThe total value of the numbers in a list, table or cell range. |

SUMIF(SUMIFS) The total value of the numbers that satisfies one condition. |

SUMIFSThe total value of the numbers that satisfies multiple conditions. |

SUMPRODUCTThe sum of the product of one or more arrays of values. |

SUMSQThe sum of the squares of all the values in a list, table or cell range. |

SUMX2MY2The sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMX2PY2The sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SUMXMY2The sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays. |

SWITCH(2019) The value based on the first matching item. |

SYDThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (sum-of-years digits method). |

TThe text string of the value given. |

T.DISTThe probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a t distribution (left tailed). |

T.DIST.2TThe percentage points probability for the t distribution. |

T.DIST.RTThe probability of getting greater than a particular value in a t distribution (right tailed). |

T.INVThe probability of getting greater than a particular value in a t distribution (left tailed) |

T.INV.2TThe t value of the t distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom. |

T.TESTThe probability associated with a t test. |

TANThe tangent of a number. |

TANHThe hyperbolic tangent of a number. |

TBILLEQThe yield (bond-equivalent) for a treasury bill. |

TBILLPRICEThe price per $100 face value for a treasury bill. |

TBILLYIELDThe yield for a treasury bill. |

TDIST(T.DIST.2T) The percentage points probability for the t distribution. |

TEXTThe number as a formatted text string. |

TEXTJOIN(2019) The text string that is a concatenation of several strings (with delimiter). |

TIMEThe time as a decimal given an hour, minute, second. |

TIMEVALUEThe time as a decimal given a time in text format. |

TINV(T.INV.2T) The t-value of the distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom. |

TODAYThe serial number representing today's date. |

TRANSPOSEThe array with its orientation changed. |

TRENDThe y-values along a linear trend given a set of x-values. |

TRIMThe text string with all extra spaces removed from the beginning, middle and end. |

TRIMMEANThe mean of the interior of a data set. |

TRUEThe logical value True. |

TRUNCThe number with any decimal places removed. |

TTEST(T.TEST) The probability associated with a t test. |

TYPEThe number indicating the data type of the value. |

UNICHAR(2013) The character with the corresponding UNICODE character. |

UNICODE(2013) The UNICODE number for the first character in a text string. |

UNIQUE(Microsoft 365) The array of unique values in a list, table or cell range. |

UPPERThe text string with all the characters converted to uppercase. |

VALUE(NUMBERVALUE) The number that a text string represents (renamed). |

VAR(VAR.S) The variance based on a sample. |

VAR.PThe variance based on an entire population. |

VAR.SThe variance based on a sample. |

VARAThe variance based on a sample (including logical values and text). |

VARP(VAR.P) The variance based on an entire population. |

VARPAThe variance based on an entire population (including logical values and text). |

VDBThe depreciation of an asset in a single period (variable declining balance method). |

VLOOKUPThe value in the same row after finding a matching value in the first column. |

WEBSERVICE(2013) The results from a webservice. |

WEEKDAYThe day of the week for a given date. |

WEEKNUMThe week number in the year for a given date. |

WEIBULL(WEIBULL.DIST) The probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a weibull distribution. |

WEIBULL.DISTThe probability of getting less than or equal to a particular value in a weibull distribution. |

WORKDAY(WORKDAY.INTL) The serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

WORKDAY.INTLThe serial number that is a given number of working days before or after a date. |

XIRRThe interest rate for a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals. |

XLOOKUP(Microsoft 365) The value in the same row after finding a matching value in any column. |

XMATCH(Microsoft 365) The position of a value in a list, table or cell range. |

XNPVThe present value for a series of unequal cash flows at irregular intervals. |

XOR(2013) The logical exclusive OR for any number of arguments. |

YEARThe year as an integer given a date serial number. |

YEARFRACThe number of years as a decimal between two dates. |

YIELDThe interest rate (annual) for a series of equal cash flows at regular intervals. |

YIELDDISCThe interest rate (annual) for a discounted security (no interest payments). |

YIELDMATThe interest rate (annual) for a security that pays interest at maturity. |

Z.TESTThe two-tailed p-value of a z-test. |

ZTEST(Z.TEST) The two-tailed p-value of a z-test. |

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