Collections can be very useful and can also be used for data binding.
A collection class is used to group objects together.
There are a number of different types of collection classes.
An array is just a special type of collection class.
Some of these collections can hold any type of object whereas others are strongly typed.
Collection classes provide members to add, remove, find and retrieve items
Collection classes also expand automatically when more items are added.
Different Types of Collections
There are two different types of collections
Standard (or generalized) - (ArrayList, HashTable, SortedList, Queue, Stock)
Generic (or specialized) - (Lists)
Added in .NET 1.1
These are the main collection classes and can all be found in the System.Collections namespace
|ArrayList||This can work with any type of data (objects, strutcs or primitive types)|
Doesn't have a (key,value) relationship
|ICollection||implemented by all collections|
|IComparer||compares two objects, used for sorting|
|IDictionary||for key/value based collections|
|IEnumerable||designates a class that can be enumerated|
|IEnumerator||designates a class that iterates over a collection, supports for each loops|
|IList||used by collections that can be indexed|
|Queue||First in, first out collection|
|Stack||Last in, first out collection|
Added in .NET 2.0
You should always try and program against an interface and not a class implementation
When the class is instantiated the type must be specified
Makes it easier to create type safe collections
These are special versions that allow you to create strongly typed collections.
The ArrayList and Collection classes are very similar.
The Collection class however overloads the Item property to take a string as a key into the collection.
This allows the Collection class to act as a dictionary, associating keys with values.
You can also use the Item property to access members of the collection by index value, however the Collection uses a 1-based index rather than 0-based.
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