# Shortcut Keys

This is a list of the shortcut keys related to **calculation**.

F9 | Smart Calculation. Calculates All the worksheets in All the open workbooks.(only cells containing formulas that have changed since the last calculation, will be updated). Replaces the highlighted part of a formula with its result to help debug when using the formula bar. |

Shift + F9 | Smart Calculation. Calculates the Active / Selected worksheets in the Active workbook.(only cells containing formulas that have changed since the last calculation, will be updated). |

Ctrl + Alt + F9 | Full Calculation. Calculates All the worksheets in All the open workbooks.(all cells containing formulas). |

Ctrl + Alt + Shift + F9 | Full Recalculation. Calculates All the worksheets in All the open workbooks.(all cells containing formulas). (rebuilding the dependency tree and calculation chain). |

Ctrl + Shift + F9 | This is not a default shortcut key but some third party add-ins use this for performing a full calculation of "all" the cells in just the "active" workbook. |

F9Smart Calculation. Calculates All the worksheets in All the open workbooks.(only cells containing formulas that have changed since the last calculation, will be updated). Replaces the highlighted part of a formula with its result to help debug when using the formula bar. |

Shift + F9Smart Calculation. Calculates the Active / Selected worksheets in the Active workbook.(only cells containing formulas that have changed since the last calculation, will be updated). |

Ctrl + Alt + F9Full Calculation. Calculates All the worksheets in All the open workbooks.(all cells containing formulas). |

Ctrl + Alt + Shift + F9Full Recalculation. Calculates All the worksheets in All the open workbooks.(all cells containing formulas). (rebuilding the dependency tree and calculation chain). |

Ctrl + Shift + F9 This is not a default shortcut key but some third party add-ins use this for performing a full calculation of "all" the cells in just the "active" workbook. |

This is a list of the shortcut keys related to dependents and precedents.

Ctrl + [ | Displays arrows to show direct precedents. The cells that are directly referred to by the formula in the active cell. |

Ctrl + ] | Displays arrows to show direct dependents. The cells that directly refer to the active cell. |

Ctrl + Shift + [ | Displays arrows to show all precedents. The cells that are directly or indirectly referred to by the formula in the active cell. |

Ctrl + Shift + ] | Displays arrows to show all dependents. The cells that directly or indirectly refer to the active cell. |

Ctrl + [ Displays arrows to show direct precedents. The cells that are directly referred to by the formula in the active cell. |

Ctrl + ] Displays arrows to show direct dependents. The cells that directly refer to the active cell. |

Ctrl + Shift + [ Displays arrows to show all precedents. The cells that are directly or indirectly referred to by the formula in the active cell. |

Ctrl + Shift + ] Displays arrows to show all dependents. The cells that directly or indirectly refer to the active cell. |

This is a list of all the other shortcut keys related to formulas.

= | Start a Formula. |

F2 | Allows you to edit the active cell directly, putting the cursor at the end. This is only available when the following option is ticked. (Advanced, Editing options - allow editing directly in cells). If this option is not checked the cursor will move to the Formula Bar. |

F3 | Displays the Paste Name dialog box for inserting named ranges into a formula. This dialog box is only displayed if the active workbook contains at least one named range. |

F4 | Lets you toggle between Relative, Absolute and Mixed Cell References when in the formula bar. |

Ctrl + ` | Toggles between displaying cell values and formulas (single left quotation, not apostrophe). |

Ctrl + ' | Enters the formula from the cell directly above into the active cell (apostrophe). |

Ctrl + Shift + A | Inserts argument names given a function in the formula bar. |

Ctrl + Shift + U | Toggles the display of a multi-line Formula Bar. |

Ctrl + Shift + Enter | Must be used to enter your array formulas. |

Ctrl + / | Selects all the cells that are part of the Same Array Formula which has been entered into the active cell. |

Ctrl + ~ | You can toggle between displaying the values and formulas by pressing |

F2, F9 | Pastes a formula as values. |

Ctrl + A | Displays the Function Arguments dialog box when pressed after entering an equal sign followed by the function name. |

Ctrl + Home | Moves to the beginning of a formula when you are editing it. |

Ctrl + End | Moves to the end of a formula when you are editing it. |

Alt + = | Enters the SUM function (AutoSum) to sum the adjacent block of cells. |

Alt + F, T | Displays the Excel Options dialog box. |

Alt + M, H | Toggles between displaying cell values and formulas. |

Alt + T, U, T | Displays arrows to show direct precedents. The cells that are directly referred to by the formula in the active cell. |

= Start a Formula. |

F2 Allows you to edit the active cell directly, putting the cursor at the end. This is only available when the following option is ticked. (Advanced, Editing options - allow editing directly in cells). If this option is not checked the cursor will move to the Formula Bar. |

F3 Displays the Paste Name dialog box for inserting named ranges into a formula. This dialog box is only displayed if the active workbook contains at least one named range. |

F4 Lets you toggle between Relative, Absolute and Mixed Cell References when in the formula bar. |

Ctrl + ` Toggles between displaying cell values and formulas (single left quotation, not apostrophe). |

Ctrl + ' Enters the formula from the cell directly above into the active cell (apostrophe). |

Ctrl + Shift + A Inserts argument names given a function in the formula bar. |

Ctrl + Shift + U Toggles the display of a multi-line Formula Bar. |

Ctrl + Shift + Enter Must be used to enter your array formulas. |

Ctrl + / Selects all the cells that are part of the Same Array Formula which has been entered into the active cell. |

Ctrl + ~ You can toggle between displaying the values and formulas by pressing |

F2, F9 Pastes a formula as values. |

Ctrl + A Displays the Function Arguments dialog box when pressed after entering an equal sign followed by the function name. |

Ctrl + Home Moves to the beginning of a formula when you are editing it. |

Ctrl + End Moves to the end of a formula when you are editing it. |

Alt + = Enters the SUM function (AutoSum) to sum the adjacent block of cells. |

Alt + F, T Displays the Excel Options dialog box. |

Alt + M, H Toggles between displaying cell values and formulas. |

Alt + T, U, T Displays arrows to show direct precedents. The cells that are directly referred to by the formula in the active cell. |

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