# T-Test Two Sample

### Equal Variances

**Variable 1 Range** - Enter the cell reference for the first range of data you want to analyze. The range must consist of a single column or row of data.**Variable 2 Range** - Enter the cell reference for the second range of data you want to analyze. The range must consist of a single column or row of data.**Hypothesized Mean Difference** - Enter the number that you want for the shift in sample means. A value of 0 (zero) indicates that the sample means are hypothesized to be equal.**Labels** - Select if the first row or column of your input ranges contains labels. Clear this check box if your input ranges have no labels; Microsoft Excel generates appropriate data labels for the output table.**Alpha** - Enter the confidence level for the test. This value must be in the range 0...1. The alpha level is a significance level related to the probability of having a type I error (rejecting a true hypothesis).**Output Range** - Enter the reference for the upper-left cell of the output table. Excel automatically determines the size of the output area and displays a message if the output table will replace existing data.**New Worksheet Ply** - Click to insert a new worksheet in the current workbook and paste the results starting at cell A1 of the new worksheet. To name the new worksheet, type a name in the box.**New Workbook** - Click to create a new workbook and paste the results on a new worksheet in the new workbook.

### Unequal Variances

**Variable 1 Range** - Enter the cell reference for the first range of data you want to analyze. The range must consist of a single column or row of data.**Variable 2 Range** - Enter the cell reference for the second range of data you want to analyze. The range must consist of a single column or row of data.**Hypothesized Mean Difference** - Enter the number you want for the shift in sample means. A value of 0 (zero) indicates that the sample means are hypothesized to be equal.**Labels** - Select if the first row or column of your input ranges contain labels. Clear this check box if your input ranges have no labels; Microsoft Excel generates appropriate data labels for the output table.**Alpha** - Enter the confidence level for the test. This value must be in the range 0...1. The alpha level is a significance level related to the probability of having a type I error (rejecting a true hypothesis).**Output Range** - Enter the reference for the upper-left cell of the output table. Excel automatically determines the size of the output area and displays a message if the output table will replace existing data.**New Worksheet Ply** - Click to insert a new worksheet in the current workbook and paste the results starting at cell A1 of the new worksheet. To name the new worksheet, type a name in the box.**New Workbook** - Click to create a new workbook and paste the results on a new worksheet in the new workbook.

t-Test: Two-Sample Assuming Unequal Variances This analysis tool performs a two-sample student's t-test. This t-test form assumes that the variances of both ranges of data are unequal; it is referred to as a heteroscedastic t-test. You can use a t-test to determine whether two sample means are equal. Use this test when the groups under study are distinct. Use a paired test when there is one group before and after a treatment.

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